Evaluación del efecto del método de síntesis sobre el desempeño de la espinela de manganeso como material de cátodo en baterías de ion-litio

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n87a06

Palabras clave:

batería ion-litio, espinela de manganeso, síntesis en estado sólido, sol-gel, sustitución elemental

Resumen

Los óxidos de manganeso con estructura tipo espinela (LiMn2O4) han sido utilizados con éxito como materiales de cátodo para las baterías de ion-litio. Para mejorar la capacidad e incrementar el potencial de descarga de la batería, comúnmente se han adicionado metales de transición a la espinela, como dopantes o sustituyentes del manganeso. Esto puede conferirle también estabilidad a la estructura del material de cátodo. En este trabajo se evaluó la obtención y el desempeño de las espinelas deLiMn2O4 (LMO) y LiN i0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) obtenidas por procesos de síntesis en estado sólido y sol-gel se estudiaron. Los materiales sinterizados de (LMO) y (LMNO) se caracterizaron por espectroscopia Raman y difracción de rayos X (DRX) para evidenciar la formación de la estructura tipo espinela. Fue corroborado que mediante ambos métodos de síntesis se puede producir una estructura de espinela adecuada. El análisis SEM mostró en general que la espinela adquiere una forma octahedral. El tamaño de partícula cambia de acuerdo al método de síntesis empleado, obteniendo un menor tamaño de partícula en la síntesis por sol-gel. La caracterización electroquímica demuestra que la síntesis por estado sólido genera componentes con mayor pureza y cristalinidad, los cuales generan una mayor capacidad de intercalación de iones litio. La adición de níquel a la espinela incrementa el potencial de descarga del cátodo en 0.5V.

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Biografía del autor/a

Lina Maria Uribe-Grajales, Universidad de Antioquia

Centro de Investigación, Innovación y Desarrollo de Materiales – CIDEMAT, Facultad de Ingeniería.

Ferley Alejandro Vásquez-Arroyave, Universidad de Antioquia

Centro de Investigación, Innovación y Desarrollo de Materiales – CIDEMAT, Facultad de Ingeniería.

Jorge Enrique Thomas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata

Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas (INIFTA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas.

Jorge Andrés Calderón-Gutiérrez, Universidad de Antioquia

Centro de Investigación, Innovación y Desarrollo de Materiales – CIDEMAT, Facultad de Ingeniería.

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Publicado

2018-06-19

Cómo citar

Uribe-Grajales, L. M., Vásquez-Arroyave, F. A., Thomas, J. E., & Calderón-Gutiérrez, J. A. (2018). Evaluación del efecto del método de síntesis sobre el desempeño de la espinela de manganeso como material de cátodo en baterías de ion-litio. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (87), 41–49. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n87a06

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