Effect of burner angle on the heat transfer of a frit furnace





CFD simulation, melting furnace, oxycombustion, heat transfer, recirculation rate


In this work, a numerical analysis was performed about the effect of a flat-flame burner incidence degree on the heat transfer of an industrial scale frit melting furnace, which uses a flat-flame natural gas oxy-combustion burner. The thermal performance of the furnace was evaluated by predicting the temperature distributions, the recirculation of the combustion gases, and the heat flow to the load, using three different geometrical configurations, differing in the inclination of the burner at 0°, 3.5°, 7° with respect to the longitudinal axis. The simulations were carried out using the ANSYS® Fluent software. The Steady Laminar Flamelet (SFM) model, the k-epsilon realizable model, and the discrete ordinates model were used to model combustion, turbulence, and radiation, respectively. The weighted model of the sum of gray gases (WSGGM) was used for the coefficient of absorption of the combustion species. It was observed that the furnace temperature estimated with the simulations is similar to that found in the actual process. Additionally, the simulations showed that for the angle of 7°, the flame collides with the frit, which could generate deposition of frit particles in the internal walls of the furnace; this would affect the emissivity of the refractory material. The 3.5degree angle showed a better distribution of heat flow to the frit and recirculation rate compared to the burner at 0° and 7°.

= 536 veces | PDF
= 406 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Jorge Luis Rentería Peláez, Metropolitan Technological Institute

Professor, Electromechanical-Mechatronics Engineering, Advanced Materials and Energy Group, Faculty of Engineering.

Luis Fernando Cardona Sepúlveda, Metropolitan Technological Institute

Professor, Electromechanical-Mechatronics Engineering, Advanced Materials and Energy Group, Faculty of Engineering.

Bernardo Argemiro Herrera Munera, Metropolitan Technological Institute

Professor, Electromechanical-mechatronics Engineering, Advanced Materials and Energy Group, Faculty of Engineering.


A. Barba, J. C. Jarque, M. Orduña, and M. F. Gazulla, “Kinetic model of the dissolution process of a zirconium white frit: Influence of the specific surface area,” Glas. Technol. Eur. J. Glas. Sci. Technol. Part A, vol. 57, no. 4, August 2016. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.13036/17533546.57.4.033

M. G. Carvalho and M. Nogueira, “Modelling of glass melting industrial process,” J. Phys. Iv, vol. 3, no. C7, November 1993. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1051/jp4:19937208

Y. Tu and et al, “MILD combustion of natural gas using low preheating temperature air in an industrial furnace,” Fuel Process. Technol., vol. 156, February 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2016.10.024

M. Falcitelli, S. Pasini, and L. Tognotti, “Modelling practical combustion systems and predicting NOx emissions with an integrated CFD based approach,” Comput. Chem. Eng., vol. 26, no. 9, September 15 2002. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0098-1354(01)00771-2

B. Mayr, R. Prieler, M. Demuth, and C. Hochenauer, “The usability and limits of the steady flamelet approach in oxy-fuel combustions,” Energy, vol. 90, Part 2, October 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.06.103

T. S. Possamai, R. Oba, and V. P. Nicolau, “Numerical and experimental thermal analysis of an industrial kiln used for frit production,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 48, December 15 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.05.025

T. S. Possamai, “Análise térmica numérica experimental de um forno de fusão de vidrados cerâmicos a gás natural,” Ph. D. Undergraduate, Centro Tecnológico, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brasil, 2014.

B. A. Herrera, L. H. Copete, J. M. Gutiérrez, and R. A. Ortega, “Simulación numérica de la combustión con aire enriquecido en un horno de fusión de fritas,” TecnoLógicas, November 2013. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.384

N. Perrin and et al, “Oxycombustion for coal power plants: Advantages, solutions and projects,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 74, January 5 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.03.074

R. Stanger and et al, “Oxyfuel combustion for CO2 capture in power plants,” Int. J. Greenh. Gas Control, vol. 40, September 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.06.010

B. Mayr, R. Prieler, M. Demuth, M. Potesser, and C. Hochenauer, “Cfd and experimental analysis of a 115 kw natural gas fired lab-scale furnace under oxy-fuel and air-fuel conditions,” Fuel, vol. 159, November 1 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.07.051

G. M. Choi and M. Katsuki, “Advanced low NOx combustion using highly preheated air,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 42, no. 5, March 2001. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(00)00074-1

V. C. and et al, “Blast furnace gas based combustion systems in steel reheating furnaces,” Energy Procedia, vol. 120, August 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.07.215

T. Görüney and et al, “Oxy-fuel tableware furnace with novel oxygenand natural gas preheating system,” in 77th Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, S. Sundaram, Ed. John Wiley & Sons, 2017, pp. 73–82.

G. M. Choi and M. Katsuki, “Efficiency analysis of air-fuel and oxy-fuel combustion in a reheating furnace,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 121, June 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.110

F. A. D. Oliveira, J. A. Carvalho, P. M. Sobrinho, and A. de Castro, “Analysis of oxy-fuel combustion as an alternative to combustion with air in metal reheating furnaces,” Energy, vol. 78, December 15 2014. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2014.10.010

J. A. Wünning and J. G. Wünning, “Flameless oxidation to reduce thermal no-formation,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., vol. 23, no. 1, 1997. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0360-1285(97)00006-3

J. Li, X. Zhang, W. Yang, and W. Blasiak, “Effects of flue gas internal recirculation on NOx and SOx emissions in a co-firing boiler,” Int. J. Clean Coal Energy, vol. 2, no. 2, May 2013. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.4236/ijcce.2013.22002

I. D. Palacio, P. N. Alvarado, and L. F. Cardona, “Numerical simulation of the flow and heat transfer in an electric steel tempering furnace,” Energies, vol. 13, no. 14, July 15 2020. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143655

J. L. Suarez, A. A. Amell, and F. J. Cadavid, “Numerical analysis of internal recirculation into a radiant tube without internal ignition,” Rev. Soluciones Postgrado EIA, vol. 10, pp. 117–132, Jan. 2013.

K. P. Cheon and et al, “Premixed MILD combustion of propane in a cylindrical furnace with a single jet burner: Combustion and emission characteristics,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 32, no. 8, July 3 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b01587

J. H. Ferziger and M. Perić. (2002) Computational methods for fluid dynamics. [Springer]. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/2Juw7rS

T. Poinsot and D. Veynante, Theoretical and Numerical Combustion, 2nd ed. R.T. Edwards, Inc., 2005.

T. H. Shih, W. W. Liou, A. Shabbir, Z. Yang, and J. Zhu, “A new k- ϵ eddy viscosity model for high reynolds number turbulent flows,” Comput. Fluids, vol. 24, no. 3, March 1995. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-7930(94)00032-T

C. Lezcano, A. Amell, and F. Cadavid, “Cálculo numérico del factor de recirculación en hornos de combustión sin llama,” DYNA, vol. 80, no. 180, pp. 144–151, Aug. 2013.

I. B. Celik, U. Ghia, P. J. Roache, and C. J. Freitas, “Procedure for estimation and reporting of uncertainty due to discretization in CFD applications,” J. fluids Eng. ASME, vol. 130, no. 7, July 22 2008. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2960953

J. D. Echavarría and A. A. Arrieta, “Estudio del régimen de combustión sin llama ante la variación de la carga térmica,” Ing. y Cienc., vol. 13, no. 25, pp. 185–208, Jan. 2017.

T. S. Possamai, R. Oba, and V. D. P. Nicolau, “Numerical simulation of a ceramic kiln used in frits,” in 20th International Congress of Mechanical Engineering, Gramado, RS, Brazil, 2009. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3mm8G2z

T. S. Possamai and R. Oba and V. P. Nicolau, “Investigation and experimental measurement of an industrial melting furnace used to produce sodium silicate,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 85, June 25 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.04.019




How to Cite

Rentería Peláez, J. L., Cardona Sepúlveda, L. F., & Herrera Munera, B. A. (2021). Effect of burner angle on the heat transfer of a frit furnace. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (100), 21–34. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20210216

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.