Bilateral asymmetry of occlusal wear in permanent dentition and its relationship with paleodiet in a sonso pre-conquest cultural tradition from Colombia
Keywords:Paleodiet, Tooth wear, Occlusal wear, Bio archaeology, Sonso cultural tradition, Colombia
Introduction: diet is a major problem in anthropology. Different points of view such as biometry, ethno botany, and biochemistry join to understand the biocultural processes covering the development of traditions associated with diet. Ancient diet can be analyzed from a dental wear point of view using a morpho-functional perspective since the relationship established between the masticatory system and the food components compromises the progressive loss of enamel and their relationship with the nutrition traditions of a population. Methods: this article shows the research results on dental wear of 37 individuals from a pre-conquest human population of Sonso cultural tradition from Colombia. The diameters between dentine-enamel junctions (DEJ) and the highest point in each cusp were measured using a conventional caliper. Student’s t Test for distribution of samples was used to compare bilateral asymmetry of tooth wear. Results: the values showed that at least 6 measures have statistically significant differences. Conclusions: the samples analyzed here showed a tendency of occlusal wear on the right side of both upper and lower arches, mesial cusps wear mostly in the posterior teeth rather than anterior teeth, lingual cusps of first and second lower molars presented more wear than buccal cusps, metaconido of first and second lower molars is the most affected by the abrasive process of the diet, and premolars behaved as expected regarding functional wear in the helicoidal plane.
How to Cite
Copyright comprises moral and patrimonial rights.
1. Moral rights: are born at the moment of the creation of the work, without the need to register it. They belong to the author in a personal and unrelinquishable manner; also, they are imprescriptible, unalienable and non negotiable. Moral rights are the right to paternity of the work, the right to integrity of the work, the right to maintain the work unedited or to publish it under a pseudonym or anonymously, the right to modify the work, the right to repent and, the right to be mentioned, in accordance with the definitions established in article 40 of Intellectual property bylaws of the Universidad (RECTORAL RESOLUTION 21231 of 2005).
2. Patrimonial rights: they consist of the capacity of financially dispose and benefit from the work trough any mean. Also, the patrimonial rights are relinquishable, attachable, prescriptive, temporary and transmissible, and they are caused with the publication or divulgation of the work. To the effect of publication of articles in the journal Revista de la Facultad de Odontología, it is understood that Universidad de Antioquia is the owner of the patrimonial rights of the contents of the publication.
The content of the publications is the exclusive responsibility of the authors. Neither the printing press, nor the editors, nor the Editorial Board will be responsible for the use of the information contained in the articles.
I, we, the author(s), and through me (us), the Entity for which I, am (are) working, hereby transfer in a total and definitive manner and without any limitation, to the Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia, the patrimonial rights corresponding to the article presented for physical and digital publication. I also declare that neither this article, nor part of it has been published in another journal.
Open Access Policy
The articles published in our Journal are fully open access, as we consider that providing the public with free access to research contributes to a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Creative Commons License
The Journal offers its content to third parties without any kind of economic compensation or embargo on the articles. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license, known as Attribution – NonCommercial – Share Alike (BY-NC-SA), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited and that the new productions are licensed under the same conditions.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.