Peripheral giant cells granuloma: a clinical case report

Authors

  • Clara Inés Vergara-Hernández Universidad de Cartagena
  • Antonio Díaz-Caballero Universidad de Cartagena
  • Luisa Arévalo-Tóvar Universidad de Cartagena

Keywords:

Peripheral giant cell granuloma, Repair of giant cell granuloma, Giant cell hyperplasia

Abstract


The peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a pseudotumoral exophytic lesion, very rare in oral cavity, it is primarily located in the premolar and molar area of the mandible, it usually presents bleeding and rapid growth, also, is associated with aggression or irritating factors (extraction, trauma, plaque, tartar, faulty restorations, chronic infection, food impaction, among others). Its treatment consists of surgical excision, removing the irritating factors. Within its differential diagnosis are the hyperparathyroidism brown tumor, cherubism and aneurysmal bone cyst, which have the same histological pattern as the peripheral giant cell granuloma. This is a description of a clinical case of a female patient, age 52 who attended the College of Dentistry of the University of Cartagena because she presented a tumor located in the vestibular and lingual gingival area of anterior and lower zone associated with abundant bacterial plaque and subgingival calculus. The surgeon made the surgical excision of the lesion, extraction of teeth affected by the marked bone loss, and curettage. The sample was sent to the pathology lab which confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma.

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Author Biographies

Clara Inés Vergara-Hernández, Universidad de Cartagena

Dentist, University of Cartagena. Specialist in Pathology and Oral Surgery, Universidad Javeriana. Full-time professor, Curricular Vice Dean, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Cartagena.

Antonio Díaz-Caballero, Universidad de Cartagena

Dentist, University of Cartagena. Periodontist, Universidad Javeriana. Master of Education, Universidad del Norte. Candidate for a doctorate in Biomedical Sciences, University of Cartagena. Associate Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Cartagena.

Luisa Arévalo-Tóvar, Universidad de Cartagena

Dentist, University of Cartagena. Specialist in Periodontics, University of Buenos Aires. Full-time professor, Dean of the School of Dentistry, University of Cartagena.

Published

2010-12-02

How to Cite

Vergara-Hernández, C. I., Díaz-Caballero, A., & Arévalo-Tóvar, L. (2010). Peripheral giant cells granuloma: a clinical case report. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 22(1), 117–121. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/2427