Correlation of clinical and radiographic diagnosis of carious lesions in posterior teeth

  • Jesús Alberto Hernández-Silva Universidad del Valle
  • María Alejandra Cardoso Universidad del Valle
  • María Cristina Arango-de la Cruz Universidad del Valle
  • Judy Elena Villavicencio Universidad del Valle
Keywords: Dental caries, Coronal x-ray, Non-parametric statistics

Abstract

 Introduction: dental caries is a public health problem affecting a large percentage of the population. The carious process is highly variable and has periods of progression that alternate with periods of stability of the damaged tissue. There are different techniques to diagnose dental caries, including clinical and radiographic evaluation. Objective: the objective of this study was to establish correlation between the clinical and radiographic caries diagnosis suggested by ICCMSTM, in deciduous and permanent molars of a school population. Methods: descriptive study evaluating a sample for convenience of 1174 proximal and occlusal tooth surfaces of permanent and deciduous molars, taken from the database of 35 outpatients treated at the school of dentistry, who were clinically and radiographically evaluated for caries as recommended by the ICCMSTM based on bitewing x-rays. Results: the clinical and radiographic diagnosis was correlated in 1174 proximal and occlusal surfaces, with 0.41 Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (p < 0,05). The findings suggest that 95.6% of teeth diagnosed as healthy coincided with the clinical and radiographic results; in early mild stages, there was coincidence in only 8.16% and 6.4% respectively. Conclusions: there is low correlation between the clinical diagnosis of caries and the radiographic examination, in relation to ICCMSTM standards.

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Author Biographies

Jesús Alberto Hernández-Silva, Universidad del Valle

Specialist in Pediatric Dentistry, Professor at Universidad del Valle

María Alejandra Cardoso, Universidad del Valle

Specialist in Pediatric Dentistry and Maxillary Orthopedics

María Cristina Arango-de la Cruz, Universidad del Valle
Specialist in Pediatric Dentistry and Maxillary Or thopedics, Professor at Universidad del Valle
Judy Elena Villavicencio, Universidad del Valle

docente odontopediatria en escuela odontologoia universidad del valle, plan academico odontologia

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Published
2017-06-30
How to Cite
Hernández-Silva J. A., Cardoso M. A., Arango-de la Cruz M. C., & Villavicencio J. E. (2017). Correlation of clinical and radiographic diagnosis of carious lesions in posterior teeth. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 28(2), 341-353. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v28n2a7