Quality of life of patients with facial prosthesis

  • Douglas Rangel-Goulart University of Brasília
  • Eder Alberto Sigua-Rodriguez State University of Campinas – UNICAMP
  • Natalia Alvarez-Pinzón State University of Campinas - UNICAMP
  • Aline Úrsula Rocha-Fernandes University of Brasília - UnB
  • Elizabeth Queiroz University of Brasília
Keywords: Oral Rehabilitation, Maxillofacial prosthesis, Psychosocial impact, Quality of life, Body image

Abstract

Objective: evaluate the quality of life and self-esteem of patients with facial deformities in the nasal, oculo-palpebral, and auricular areas using bucco-maxillofacial prostheses. Methods: descriptive study in users of facial prostheses who were rehabilitated at the dental clinic of the University Hospital of Brasilia in the period 2004–2011. The average age of patients was 63.8 years. The data collection instruments were the SF-36 questionnaire and a survey containing the Rosenberg Self-Esteem/EPM scale. Results: skin cancer was the predominant etiologic factor   (n = 4). Most patients think that their deformity is visible to some degree (n = 4) and for three of them this fact impacts negatively the frequency to visit public places. The self-esteem scale yielded an average score of 4.6. In evaluating the quality of life by means of the SF-36 questionnaire, there were scores like pain (46.67) and emotional aspects (33.33). Conclusion: the results demonstrate the importance of conducting systematic follow-ups to these patients. Most surveyed patients experienced an increase in quality of life, as well as a higher self-esteem, which can be explained by the functionality and aesthetics offered by the prosthesis. This study is part of an assessment program conducted with the intention of structuring multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs.

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Author Biographies

Douglas Rangel-Goulart, University of Brasília

DDS, MSc, Ph.D., Volunteer Professor, Department of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, University of Brasilia

Eder Alberto Sigua-Rodriguez, State University of Campinas – UNICAMP

DDS, MSc, Resercher Professor. Investigations Center of the Odontological College (CICO). University Institution Colegios de Colombia

Natalia Alvarez-Pinzón, State University of Campinas - UNICAMP

DDS, MSc, Ph.D., Student of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas – UNICAMP

Aline Úrsula Rocha-Fernandes, University of Brasília - UnB

DDS, MSc, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of the Department of Dentistry, University of Brasilia

Elizabeth Queiroz, University of Brasília

MSc, PhD Profesor Asistente del Instituto de Psicología, Universidad de Brasilia

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Published
2017-12-15
How to Cite
Rangel-Goulart D., Sigua-Rodriguez E. A., Alvarez-Pinzón N., Rocha-Fernandes A. Úrsula, & Queiroz E. (2017). Quality of life of patients with facial prosthesis. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 29(1), 131-147. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v29n1a7