Habits and oral hygiene status of indigenous people with disabilities from the Misak community, Colombia

Authors

  • Herney Alonso Rengifo-Reina Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Universidad del Bosque
  • Cinthya Solórzano-Vera Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Ángela Liliana Grandas-Ramírez Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533//udea.rfo.v30n2a4

Keywords:

People with disabilities, Indigenous population, Oral hygiene, Oral health, Oral hygiene index

Abstract


Introduction: nearly 15% of the world’s population lives with some kind of disability. Colombia has no official reports on indigenous people with disabilities. Being an indigenous person with a disability increases health vulnerabilities and the risk for oral diseases. The objective of this study was to describe the habits and oral hygiene status of people with disabilities living in the Misak (Guambiano) indigenous reserve in Silvia, Department of Cauca (Colombia), in 2016. Methods: a descriptive observational cross-sectional study was conducted. The entire population with some degree of disability in the Misak indigenous community was included, assessing their oral hygiene through Community Plaque Index (CPI) and collecting socio-demographic and oral health habits variables using descriptive analysis to correlate disability type with health habits and plaque index. Results: 46 people with some degree of disability were identified. Of these, 45.7% were women and aged 22.6 years in average. Cognitive disability was the most common, (54.3%). The study showed that 43.4% of people with disabilities brush their teeth at least once a day, with 44% needing help to do so. A bacterial plaque index of 91.8% was found. Conclusion: people with disabilities in the Misak indigenous community have a high community plaque index, which is considered a poor level, with inadequate oral hygiene habits.

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Author Biographies

Herney Alonso Rengifo-Reina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Universidad del Bosque

DDS, Master of Public Health, Master of Epidemiology; Specialist in Orthodontics and Maxillary Orthopedics, Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Cinthya Solórzano-Vera, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DDS, Specialist in Pediatric Stomatology and Maxillary Orthopedics

Ángela Liliana Grandas-Ramírez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DDS, Specialist in Pediatric Stomatology, Master of Disability and Social Inclusion, U.N., Associate Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

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Published

2019-09-16

How to Cite

Rengifo-Reina, H. A., Solórzano-Vera, C., & Grandas-Ramírez, Ángela L. (2019). Habits and oral hygiene status of indigenous people with disabilities from the Misak community, Colombia. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 30(2), 181–191. https://doi.org/10.17533//udea.rfo.v30n2a4