Depression, anxiety and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic in dental students

Authors

Keywords:

Depression, anxiety, stress, dental students, Covid-19

Abstract


Introduction: in December 2019, a case of pneumonia caused by coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was reported in the world. Currently, Paraguay has registered more than 428,000 confirmed cases and more than 13,500 deaths. In this context, teaching has had to be transferred to the virtual environment, generating reactive behavioral modifications at all levels arising from various causes: difficulty in accessing computer elements, the need in varying degrees of relearning in an unusual environment and, above all, uncertainty. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of depression, anxiety and stress during the covid-19 pandemic in dental students. Methods: for this cross-sectional descriptive observational study, undergraduate students from the School of Dentistry of the National University of Asunción, enrolled in the academic period 2021, were included. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DASS-21) short form scale was used. Each of the three axes (depression, anxiety, and stress) contains 7 items, divided into subscales of similar content. The scores were categorized into five ordered groups (normal, mild, moderate, severe, and very severe). Results: dentistry students presented symptoms of depression and anxiety with symptoms of moderate anxiety in 42.58%; 1.29% presented severe depression. Conclusion: most of the dental students presented depression and anxiety with very common symptoms such as the inability to relax, lack of initiative, irritability and nervousness.

|Abstract
= 338 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 83 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Nohelia Pérez-Bejarano, Universidad Nacional de Asunción

Especialista en Odontopediatría y Salud Comunitaria, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

José Miguel Gamarra-Insfrán, Universidad Nacional de Asunción

Odontólogo, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Clarisse Virginia Díaz-Reissner, Universidad del Pacífico

PhD. en Metodología de la Investigación en Biomedicina y Salud Pública, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Carlos G. Adorno, Universidad Nacional de Asunción

PhD. en Ciencias Odontológicas, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Vicente Reinaldo Fretes-López, Universidad Nacional de Asunción

Doctorando en Endodoncia, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Rebecca Carmina Diaz-Carbajal, Universidad Nacional de Asunción

Odontóloga, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Víctor R. Adorno, Universidad Nacional de Asunción

Médico Psiquiatra. Director, Hospital Psiquiátrico, Paraguay

References

Wang S, Wen X, Dong Y, Liu B, Cui M. Psychological influence of coronovirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the general public, medical workers, and patients with mental disorders and its countermeasures. Psychosomatics. 2020; 61(6): 616-24. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.psym.2020.05.005

Organización Mundial de la Salud. Brote de enfermedad por coronavirus [Internet]. OMS; [consultado el 15 de octubre de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.who.int/es/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

Paraguay. Ministerio de Salud Pública y Bienestar Social. COVID-19: información sobre el Coronavirus [Internet]. [consultado el 15 de octubre de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.mspbs.gov.py/covid-19.php?q=CORONAVIRUS&modo=1

Meng L, Hua F, Bian Z. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): emerging and future challenges for dental and oral medicine. J Dent Res. 2020; 99(5): 481-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034520914246

Machado RA, Bonan PRF, Perez DEC, Martelli-Júnior H, Machado RA, Bonan PRF. COVID-19 pandemic and the impact on dental education: discussing current and future perspectives. Braz Oral Res. 2020; 34: e083. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0083

Iyer P, Aziz K, Ojcius DM. Impact of COVID-19 on dental education in the United States. J Dent Educ. 2020; 84(6): 718-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jdd.12163

Prati C, Pelliccioni GA, Sambri V, Chersoni S, Gandolfi MG. COVID‐19: its impact on dental schools in Italy, clinical problems in endodontic therapy and general considerations. Int Endod J. 2020; 53(5): 723-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/iej.13291

Deery C. The COVID-19 pandemic: implications for dental education. Evid Based Dent. 2020; 21(2): 46-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41432-020-0089-3

Wu DT, Wu KY, Nguyen TT, Tran SD. The impact of COVID-19 on dental education in North America: where do we go next? Eur J Dent Educ. 2020; 24(4): 825-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12561

Mattos FF, Pordeus IA. COVID-19: a new turning point for dental practice. Braz Oral Res. 2020; 34: e85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0085

Marquina-Lujan RJ. Autopercepción del estrés en aislamiento social en tiempos de covid-19. Rev Concienc EPG. 2020; 5(1): 85-99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32654/CONCIENCIAEPG.5-1.6

Daza P, Novy DM, Stanley MA, Averill P. The depression anxiety stress scale-21: spanish translation and validation with a hispanic sample. J Psychopathol Behav Assess. 2002; 24(3): 195-205.

Dávila-Figueras A, Ruiz Celis RR, Moncada-Arroyo L, Gallardo-Rayo I. Niveles de ansiedad, depresión y percepción de apoyo social en estudiantes de Odontología de la Universidad de Chile. Rev Psicol. 2011; 20(2): 147-72. DOI: https://revistapsicologia.uchile.cl/index.php/RDP/article/view/17937

Luna D, García-Reyes S, Soria-González EA, Avila-Rojas M, Ramírez-Molina V, García-Hernández B et al. Estrés académico en estudiantes de odontología: asociación con apoyo social, pensamiento positivo y bienestar psicológico. Inv Ed Med. 2020; 9(35): 8-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22201/facmed.20075057e.2020.35.20205

Puskar KR, Sereika SM, Haller LL. Anxiety, somatic complaints, and depressive symptoms in rural adolescents. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2003; 16(3): 102-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6171.2003.00102.x

Arrieta-Vergara K, Díaz-Cárdenas S, González-Martínez F. Síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés en estudiantes de odontología: prevalencia y factores relacionados. Rev Colomb Psiquiatr. 2013; 42(2): 173-81. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-7450(13)70004-0

Cova-Solar F, Alvial WS, Aro MD, Bonifetti AD, Hernández MM, Rodríguez CC. Problemas de salud mental en estudiantes de la Universidad de Concepción. Ter Psicológica. 2007; 25(2): 105-12. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082007000200001

Riveros M, Hernández H, Rivera J. Niveles de depresión y ansiedad en estudiantes universitarios de Lima Metropolitana. Rev Investig En Psicol. 2007; 10(1): 91-102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15381/rinvp.v10i1.3909

Jaramillo G, Caro H, Gómez-Parra ZA, Moreno-Bedoya JP, Restrepo-Tobón ÉA, Suárez-Mejía MC. Dispositivos desencadenantes de estrés y ansiedad en estudiantes de Odontología de la Universidad de Antioquia. Rev Fac Odont Antio. 2008; 20(1): 49-57.

Moncada-Sarrazola AM, Soto-Faudi JD, Carmona L, Garcia M, Rojas G, Tabares V, et al. Emotional disorders and their relationship to academic achievement in dental students. Rev Estomatol. 2017; 25(2): 25-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25100/RE.V25I2.6500

Quintero-Arrivillaga M, Cortés-García C, Goicochea-Jimenez VI, Lozano-Ortíz T. Caracterización de la depresión en jóvenes universitarios. Univ Psychol. 2004; 3(1): 17-25.

Ajilchi B, Nejati V. Executive functions in students with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. Basic Clin Neurosci J. 2017; 8(3): 223-32. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18869%2Fnirp.bcn.8.3.223

Simegn W, Dagnew B, Yeshaw Y, Yitayih S, Woldegerima B, Dagne H. Depression, anxiety, stress and their associated factors among Ethiopian University students during an early stage of COVID-19 pandemic: an online-based cross-sectional survey. PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(5): e0251670. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251670

AlHadi AN, Alhuwaydi AM. The mental health impact of pandemic COVID-19 crisis on university students in Saudi Arabia and associated factors. J Am Coll Health. 2021; 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2021.1947839

Stormon N, Ford PJ, Kisely S, Bartle E, Eley DS. Depression, anxiety and stress in a cohort of Australian dentistry students. Eur J Dent Educ. 2019; 23(4): 507-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12459

Ogdon Lebrón M, Díaz-Reissner C. Burnout Syndrome in dentists working at the XVIII sanitary region of the Ministry of Public Health and Social, Paraguay. Rev Salud Publica Parag. 2017; 7(1): 21-7.

Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Reportes de situación COVID-19: Paraguay [Internet]. OPS; [consultado el 13 de septiembre de 2021]. Disponible en: https://www.paho.org/es/reportes-situacion-covid-19-paraguay

Published

2022-03-17

How to Cite

Pérez-Bejarano, N., Gamarra-Insfrán, J. M., Díaz-Reissner, C. V., Adorno, C. G., Fretes-López, V. R., Diaz-Carbajal, R. C., & Adorno, V. R. (2022). Depression, anxiety and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic in dental students. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 34(1). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/347550

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.