Tales of mice and men: Natural History of Arenaviruses

Authors

  • Juan David Rodas G.
  • Maria S. Salvato

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324096

Keywords:

hemorrhagic fever, LCM, rodent-borne viruses

Abstract

Summary

Nowadays, Arenaviruses are among the most feared viruses due to their potential as weapons for bioterrorism purposes. This potential is based on their increasing diversity and the fact that they are carried by rodentswhose biologic success compares only wit insects and humans. The prototype of this family is Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus which has been and excellent tool for a myriad of discoveries in immunology. Arenaviruses have been known for over 70 years but the number of members of the family is growing thanks to their insidious subsistence in third world countries and to the nature of their genome, that makes of them sorts of skilful machines for evolution This review collects some of the work of the authors about the best-known features described for this group of viruses, among  the many still-to-be discovered characteristics of this puzzling, and hard-to-study, group of zoonotic viruses.

Resumen

En la actualidad, los arenavirus son considerados uno de los grupos de virus más temidos debido a su potencial uso como armas para el bio-terrorismo, debido a su diversidad creciente y a que son portados por roedores, cuyo éxito para sobrevivir,  y adaptarse, solo puede compararse con el de los mosquitos y los seres humanos. El prototipo de esta familia viral, el virus de la coriomeningitis linfocítica, ha servido como herramienta para una gran cantidad de descubrimientos sobre la respuesta inmune. Los arenavirus han sido conocidos por más de 70 años, pero la  familia aún sigue creciendo, gracias a su subsistencia insidiosa en los países del tercer mundo, y a su naturaleza genética, que les permite comportarse como máquinas "habilidosas" para la evolución. Esta revisión, recoge algunos de los resultados de los autores sobre los rasgos mejor conocidos, entre los muchos que aún no han sido descubiertos en grupo de virus zoonóticos, intrigante y muy difíciles de estudiar.

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2016-07-22

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Rodas G., J. D., & Salvato, M. S. (2016). Tales of mice and men: Natural History of Arenaviruses. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 19(4), 19 . https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.324096

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