Magnetized drinking water improves productivity and blood parameters in geese

  • Ali M. El-Hanoun Ministry of Agriculture
  • Youssef A. Attia King Abdulaziz University, Damanhour University
  • Mohammed A. Al-Harthi King Abdulaziz University
  • Hany I. Habiba Damanhour University
  • Maria C. Oliveira University of Rio Verde
Keywords: antioxidant activity, magnetic field, poultry, reproductive hormones


Background: Quality of drinking water is an issue that imposes limits on animal farming. Improving water quality can be a solution to animal farming and to the enhancement of animal production in areas with limited water supplies. Objective: To evaluate the effect of water quality and magnetized water on productivity and blood parameters of Egyptian geese. Methods: One hundred and eight (108) Egyptian geese were randomly distributed among four water treatments in a 2×2 factorial design that included two types of water (tap water and well water) and exposure or non-exposure to magnetized tap water and magnetized well water. Results: Well water was of poor quality. Geese consuming this water exhibited lower productive and reproductive performance, lower progesterone and estrogen levels, impaired renal and liver functions and lower total antioxidant capacity. Their eggs had lower weight, lower yolk percentage, and reduced shell thicknesses. The magnetic treatment improved the quality of both types of water, with a greater effect on well water. Magnetized water increased water consumption and performance of geese, along with improved renal and liver functions, reproductive hormones, and antioxidant status. Magnetized water improved growth performance, dressing percentage of goslings, and the amount of meat produced. Conclusion: Magnetized tap water improved body weight and feed conversion rate, besides renal and hepatic functions. It also increased production, quality and hatchability of eggs, and levels of reproductive hormones (i.e. progesterone and estrogen), and the antioxidant status in blood.

= 44 veces | PDF
= 54 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ali M. El-Hanoun, Ministry of Agriculture

AS, PhD., Animal Production Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

Youssef A. Attia, King Abdulaziz University, Damanhour University

AS, PhD., Department of Arid Land Agriculture, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment, and Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, Egypt.

Mohammed A. Al-Harthi, King Abdulaziz University

AS, PhD., Department of Arid Land Agriculture, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment, and Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Hany I. Habiba, Damanhour University

AS, PhD., Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, Egypt.

Maria C. Oliveira, University of Rio Verde

VM, PhD., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Rio Verde, Brazil.


Abraham GE. Handbook of radioimmunoassay. 5th ed. New York: M. Dekker; 1977.

Al-Mufarrej S, Al-Batshan HA, Shalaby MI, Shafey TM. The eff ects of magnetically treated water on the performance and immune system of broiler chickens. Int J Poult Sci 2005; 4:96-102.

Association of offi cial analytical chemists (AOAC). Offi cial methods of analysis. 18th ed. Washington, DC: AOAC; 2007.

Attia YA, Abd El-Hamid AE, Bovera F, El-Sayed MI. Reproductive and reproductive performance of rabbit does submitted to an oral glucose supplementation. Animal 2009; 3:1401-1407.

Attia, YA, Abd El Hamid EA, Ismaiel AM, El Nagar Asmaa. S. The detoxication of nitrate by two antioxidants or a probiotic and the eff ects on blood and seminal plasma profi les and reproductive function of NZW rabbit bucks. Anim 2013; 7:591-601.

Attia YA, Burke WH, Yamani KA. Response of broiler breeder hens to forced molting by hormonal and dietary manipulations. Poult Sci 1994; 73:245-258.

Attia YA, El-Hanoun AM, Abd El-Hamid AE, Abdella MM. Responses of the fertility, semen quality, blood constituents, immunity, and antioxidant status of rabbit bucks to type and magnetizing of water. Annals Anim Sci 2015; 2:387-407.

Bergsrud F, Linn J. Water quality for livestock and poultry. Minnesota Extension Service Publication, AG-FO-1864-D; 1990.

De Blas JC. Nutritional impact on health and performance in intensively reared rabbits. Anim 2013; 7:102-111.

El-Hanoun AM, Attia YA, Abd El-Hamid AE, Gad HAM, Abdella MM. Response of rabbit does to water type and magnetic treatments. pp. 370-383 in 4th Scientific Conference of Animal Production Research Institute (APRI) proceeding; 2013, 12-13 Nov; Giza, Egypt.

El-Kholy KH, Sleem TST, El-Aassar TA, Abdelharith Hanaa. Eff ect of dietary addition of Arak (Salvadora persica) on growth and reproductive performance in Black Baladi rabbit males. World Rabbit Sci 2008; 16:21-27.

Hozayn M, Abdul Qados, AMS. Magnetic water application for improving wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop production. Agric Biol J North Am 2010; 1:677-682.

Kellems RO, Church DC. Livestock feeds and feeding. 5th ed, New Jersey: Prentice Hall; 2002.

Koracevic D, Koracevic G, Djordjevic V, Andrejevic S, Cosic V. Method for the measurement of antioxidant activity in human fl uids. J Clin Pathol 2001; 54:356-361.

Kronenberg KJ. Experimental evidence for eff ects of magnetic fi elds on moving water. IEEE Transaction on Magnetics 1985; 21:2059-2061.

Lin, IJ. Magnetized water is no mystery. Alive 1995; 14812-14814.

Lin IJ, Yotvat J. Exposure of irrigation water to magnetic fi eld with controlled power and direction: eff ects on grapefruit. Alon Hanotea 1989; 43:669-674.

Marai IFM, Habeeb AA, Gad AE. Tolerance of imported rabbits grown as meat animals to hot climate and saline drinking water in the subtropical environment of Egypt. Anim Sci 2005; 81:115-123.

Mg-Therapy. Magnetic water 2000; [Access date: June 20th, 2013]. URL:

Morsy AS, Hassan Mona M, Hassan Amal M. Effect of natural saline drinking water on productive and physiological performance of laying hens under heat stress conditions. Egypt Poult Sci J 2012; 32:561-578.

Ovchinnikova K, Pollack GH. Can water store charge? Langmuir 2009; 25:542-547.

Sargolzehi MM, Rezaee Rokn-Abadi M, Naserian AA. The eff ects of magnetic water on milk and blood components of lactating Saanen goats. Int J of Nutr and Metab 2009; 1:20-24.

SAS. SAS/STAT User’s guide statistics, version 9.2. SAS institute INC., Cary. NC, USA; 2004.

Tappel AL, Zalkin H. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation in mitochondria by vitamin E. Arch Bioch and Biophy 1959; 80:333-336.

Tkachenko Y, Semyonova N. Your way to health: magnetic water plus separate nutrition In: Mysteries of magnetic energies. A collection of scientifi c works on the usage of magnetic energies in medical practice, Yuri P. Tkachenko (ed), Printing Emirates,Printing & Publishing-Sharjah, UAE. Part 6:225-244; 1995.

Verma SS. Magnetic water treatment. Chem Business 2011; 25:13-16.Wahaab RA, Badawy MI. Water quality assessment of the river Nile system: An overview. Biomed Enviro Sci, 2004, 17:87-100.

How to Cite
El-Hanoun A. M., Attia Y. A., Al-Harthi M. A., Habiba H. I., & Oliveira M. C. (2017). Magnetized drinking water improves productivity and blood parameters in geese. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 30(3), 209-218.
Original research articles