Nutritional value and inclusion levels of residual annatto seed meal in diets for Japanese quails

  • Iana Pimentel-Mani Goiano Federal Institute
  • Maria C. Oliveira University of Rio Verde
  • Sarah C. O. Lima-Dóro University of Rio Verde
  • Poliana Carneiro-Martins Federal University of Goiás
  • Marcos A. P. Souza-Júnior Federal University of Goiás
Keywords: annatto seed, Bixa Orellana, Coturnix japonica, egg, egg quality, feed byproducts, Japanese quail, nutrient digestibility, plant pigment, poultry nutrition, yolk pigmentation

Abstract

Background: Residual annatto seed meal (RASM) is a byproduct after extraction of bixin in the cosmetic industry and may be used in animal diets. Objective: Two experiments were carried out to determine the nutritive value and effect of RASM inclusion levels in the diets of Japanese quails. Methods: For the digestibility experiment, 160 Japanese quails were distributed in a randomized study with two treatments and 10 replicates with eight birds each. The treatments consisted of a reference diet and a test diet containing 75% of the reference diet and 25% of RASM. For the performance assay, 192 Japanese quails were used in a randomized study with six treatments and four replicates with eight birds each. Treatments consisted of a control corn-based diet (Contr1) and another diet based on sorghum + canthaxanthin (Contr2), and four diets based on sorghum with increasing inclusion levels of RASM (0, 3, 6, and 9%). Results: Digestibility of dry matter and crude protein, metabolization coefficient of gross energy, and retention of calcium and phosphorus were 41.05, 43.12, 47.97, 25.49, and 30.35%, respectively. RASM inclusion did not influence bird productivity; however, feed conversion worsened in treatments with 0–6% RASM inclusion relative to that in Contr1. Yolk color increased due to RASM treatment. Conclusion: RASM may be included in sorghum-based diets for quails at 9%, with improvement in yolk color and no negative effects on productivity and egg quality.

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Author Biographies

Iana Pimentel-Mani, Goiano Federal Institute
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2906-0798
Goiano Federal Institute, Rio Verde, Goiás, Brazil.
Maria C. Oliveira, University of Rio Verde

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3024-2276
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Rio Verde, Rio Verde, Goiás, Brazil.

Sarah C. O. Lima-Dóro, University of Rio Verde

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0638-7050
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Rio Verde, Rio Verde, Goiás, Brazil.

Poliana Carneiro-Martins, Federal University of Goiás

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6618-7694
Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.

Marcos A. P. Souza-Júnior, Federal University of Goiás

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2813-7979
Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.

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Published
2019-09-16
How to Cite
Pimentel-Mani I., Oliveira M. C., Lima-Dóro S. C. O., Carneiro-Martins P., & Souza-Júnior M. A. P. (2019). Nutritional value and inclusion levels of residual annatto seed meal in diets for Japanese quails. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 33(2), 110-120. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v33n2a03
Section
Original research articles