Sunflower meal with and without phytase supplementation in diets for silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) juveniles

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v32n4a04

Keywords:

aquaculture, aquiculture, alternative feed, diet supplementation, enzyme, fish nutrition, phytase, productive performance, Rhamdia quelen, silver catfish, sunflower meal

Abstract

Background: The cost of feed in fish farming can exceed 70% of the total costs. Thus, the feed industry have sought to formulate balanced diets including low-cost by-products. Objective: To evaluate sunflower meal as a partial substitute (0, 10, and 20%) for soybean meal, with or without phytase supplementation (1,500 FTU/kg) in isoproteic (27% crude protein (CP)) and isoenergetic diets (3,400 kcal/ED/kg of feed) for silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) juveniles. Methods: A total of 360 fish (weight: 15.77 ± 0.56 g) were randomly distributed in 24 tanks in a completely randomized design following a factorial scheme (3x2) with 4 replicates. The fish were evaluated on the following variables after 90 days: productive performance, hematological variables, histology of intestinal tissue, bromatological composition of carcass, and composition of bone mineral matter. Results:  20% dietary inclusion of sunflower meal improved weight gain and protein efficiency. No difference was observed in the other treatments and no interactions were observed between the other factors. Conclusion: 20% sunflower meal can be included in the feed of silver catfish as a substitute for soybean meal. Phytase inclusion (1,500 FTU/kg) did not improve the nutritional value of the treatments.

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Author Biographies

Kátia A. Weiler, Western Paraná State University

Aquaculture Management Studies Group, Western Paraná State University – UNIOESTE, Toledo, Paraná, Brasil.

Jhonis E. Pessini, Federal University of Santa Catarina

Aquaculture Species Nutrition Laboratory, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Milena S. S. Sanchez, Western Paraná State University

Aquaculture Management Studies Group, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Toledo, Paraná, Brazil.

Mariana L. Rodrigues, Western Paraná State University

Aquaculture Management Studies Group, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Toledo, Paraná, Brazil.

Wilson R. Boscolo, Western Paraná State University

Aquaculture Management Studies Group, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Toledo, Paraná, Brazil.

Luiz E. Pezzato, São Paulo State University

College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
 

Fábio Bittencourt, Western Paraná State University

Aquaculture Management Studies Group, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Toledo, Paraná, Brazil.

Altevir Signor, Western Paraná State University

Aquaculture Management Studies Group, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Toledo, Paraná, Brazil.

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Published

2019-11-07

How to Cite

Weiler, K. A., Pessini, J. E., Sanchez, M. S. S., Rodrigues, M. L., Boscolo, W. R., Pezzato, L. E., Bittencourt, F., & Signor, A. (2019). Sunflower meal with and without phytase supplementation in diets for silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) juveniles. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 32(4), 285–297. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v32n4a04

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