Performance of Holstein-Friesian calves drinking desalinated water in the preweaning period

Authors

  • Joel Ventura-Ríos Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua
  • David Domínguez-Díaz Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua
  • Alejandro Lara-Bueno Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
  • Guillermo Villalobos-Villalobos Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua
  • Rufino López-Ordaz Universidad Autónoma Chapingo
  • José Jaimes-Jaimes Agronegocios Chapingo SC de RL de CV
  • Agustín Ruíz-Flores Universidad Autónoma Chapingo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n3a04

Keywords:

Artificial nursing, desalinated water, Holstein-Friesian calves, nutrients digestibility, reverse osmosis, total dissolved salts, water intake, water quality

Abstract

Background: High salinity of drinking water can adversely affect health and productive performance of calves during artificial rearing. Objective: To evaluate the effect of drinking water total dissolved salts (TDS) content on productive performance of Holstein-Friesian calves during artificial rearing. Methods: Twenty-nine newborn Holstein-Friesian calves weighing 39±0.94 kg at birth were randomly assigned to two treatment groups for 56 d. Treatment 1 (n=14) consisted of drinking water with 1,469±75 mg L-1 TDS, while treatment 2 (n=15) used drinking water from the same source but filtered by reverse osmosis to contain 107±31 mg L-1 TDS. Results: Water intake was numerically affected by TDS concentration, increasing 13% (p>0.08) when drinking low-TDS water (3,554 versus 3,088 ml d-1). Feed intake (dry basis) decreased 26% (500 versus 676 g d-1; p<0.05), and average daily weight gain increased 29% (434 versus 335 g d-1; p<0.05) for calves drinking low-TDS water. Treatment 2 resulted in 10% higher body weight compared to treatment 1 (64.3 versus 58.6 kg; p<0.01). Digestibility of dry matter and protein was not affected (p>0.05) by TDS content in the drinking water. Conclusion: Desalinated water improves productive performance of Holstein-Friesian calves during artificial rearing.

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Author Biographies

Joel Ventura-Ríos, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua

Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Zootecnia y Ecología. Chihuahua, México
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1796-5741

David Domínguez-Díaz, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua

Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Zootecnia y Ecología. Chihuahua, México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9289-5571

Alejandro Lara-Bueno, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo

Programa de Posgrado en Producción Animal, Depto. de Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. Texcoco. Edo. México
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8538-1321

Guillermo Villalobos-Villalobos, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua

Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Zootecnia y Ecología. Chihuahua, México
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0226-4240

Rufino López-Ordaz, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo

Programa de Posgrado en Producción Animal, Depto. de Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. Texcoco. Edo. México
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6077-783X

José Jaimes-Jaimes, Agronegocios Chapingo SC de RL de CV

Agronegocios Chapingo SC de RL de CV. Pueblo Cooperativo, Texcoco, Edo. México.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9327-6115

Agustín Ruíz-Flores, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo

Programa de Posgrado en Producción Animal, Depto. de Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. Texcoco. Edo. México
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8267-2107

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Published

2022-07-11

How to Cite

Ventura-Ríos, J., Domínguez-Díaz, D., Lara-Bueno, A., Villalobos-Villalobos, G., López-Ordaz, R., Jaimes-Jaimes, J., & Ruíz-Flores, A. (2022). Performance of Holstein-Friesian calves drinking desalinated water in the preweaning period. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 35(3), 174–184. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n3a04

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