The ambiguity of existence in Merleau-Ponty
Keywords:Merleau-Ponty, existence, ambiguity, cogito, subjectivity, body, phenomenology
The actual piece deals with the new sense conferred to Human Existence by Merleau-Ponty, that as it simultaneously recognizes its belonging to the world according to the heideggerian notion of beingin the-world and from a viewpoint that opposes Rationalist Intellectualism, nevertheless does not renounce a Philosophy of the Subject inspired in the later Husserl. This approach leads Merleau-Ponty to interpret the Cartesian Principle of cogito as Existence, and to attribute to this notion an ambiguity: that which corresponds to the double and simultaneous consideration of belonging to the world and being differentiated from it. This philosophical project is elaborated through a new way of describing experience in the line of a Phenomenological Conception which attributes to the Body the transcendental role that Classical Idealism assigned to Conscience
MERLEAU-PONTY, M (1975) Fenomenología de la percepción, Barcelona, Península.
MERLEAU-PONTY, M. (1945) Phénoménologie de la perception, Paris, Gallimard.
MERLEAU-PONTY, M. (1964a) Le visible et l’invisible, Paris, Éditions Gallimard.
MERLEAU-PONTY, M. (1964b) Signos, Trad. Caridad Martínez y Gabriel Oliver, Barcelona, Seix Barral.
MERLEAU-PONTY, M. (1967) Structure du comportement, Paris, P.U.F.
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