Review of Chrysippus' Stoic theory or fate


  • Laura Liliana Gómez Espíndola Universidad del Valle



Fate, fatalism, determinism, Lazy Argument, co-fated events.


This paper is devoted to the Chrysippean revision of the stoic theory of fate. In order to do so, I will examine in the first place an objection directed toward this theory known as the Lazy Argument. According to this objection, if we claim that fate’s mechanism is always fatalistic, we would have to conclude that all our desires and efforts are meaningless. It will be suggested that Chrysippus developed his distinction between fated and cofated events in order to limit the fatalistic mechanism of fate to one group of events, and hence avoid this objection. Secondly, it will be shown how this proposal leads him to conceive a new theory of fate focused on the causal nexus of everything, which allows him to defend a conception of the world as a unity both in a synchronic and in a diachronic level.

= 622 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 130 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Laura Liliana Gómez Espíndola, Universidad del Valle

Departamento de Filosofía
Cali, Colombia


AFRODISIA, A. d. (1983) De Fato. En: R. W. Sharples (Ed.), Londres, Duckworth.

AFRODISIA, A. d. (1892) De mixtione. En: I. Bruns (Ed.), I. Bruns, Alexandri Aphrodisiensis praeter commentaria scripta minora. Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca (Vol. suppl. 2.2) Berlin, Reimer.

ARNIM, H. F. A. v. (1903) Stoicorum veterum fragmenta collegit Ioannes ab Arnim. Lipsiae, aedibus B. G. Teubneri.

BOBZIEN, S. (1998a) Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy. Oxford, OUP.

BOBZIEN, S. (1998b) Chrysippus’ theory of causes. En: K. Ierodiakonou (Ed.), Topics in Stoic Philosophy. Oxford, OUP.

BOERI, M. (2000) El determinismo estoico y los argumentos compatibilistas de Crisipo. Cuadernos del Sur- Filosofía, 29, 11-47.

BOTROS, S. (1985) Freedom, Causality, Fatalism and Early Stoic Philosophy. Phronesis, 30, 274-304.

CICERÓN. (1984) De natura deorum. En: Samaranch (Ed.), Sobre la naturaleza de los dioses. Madrid, Sarpe.

CICERÓN. (1991) De Fato. En R. W. Sharples (Ed.), On Fate & Boethius the consolation of philosophy. Londres, Aris & Phillips ltd.

CICERÓN. (1999) De divinatione. En: Á. Escobar (Ed.), Sobre la Adivinación. Madrid, Gredos.

CICERÓN. (2005) De Fato. En: J. Pimentel (Ed.), Del Hado. México, Bibliotheca scriptorum graecorum et romanorum mexicana.

CLEMENTE. (1960 y 1970) Stromata. En: O. S. L. Früchtel, y U. Treu (Ed.), Clemens Alexandrinus (Vol. 2 y 3). Berlin, Akademie Verlag.

EMPÍRICO, S. (1914 1961) Adversus mathematicos. En: J. M. a. H. Mutschmann (Ed.), Sexti Empirici opera (2 ed., Vol. 2 & 3). Leipzig, Teubner.

ESTOBEO. (1885) Ioannis Stobaei anthologium, 5 vols. En: O. H. y C. Wachsmuth (Ed.), Berlin, Weidmann.

EUSEBIO. (1954-1956) Preparatio evangelica. En: E. K. Mras (Ed.). Berlin, Akademie Verlag.

GALENO. (1821) Introductio sive medicus. En: C. G. Kühn (Ed.), Claudii Galeni opera omnia (Vol. 14). Leipzig, Knobloch.

GELIO. (2002) Noctes Atticae. En: A. Gaos (Ed.), Noches Áticas. México, Bibliotheca scriptorum graecorum et romanorum mexicana.

GÓMEZ ESPÍNDOLA, L. L. (2012) Primeros desarrollos de la teoría estoica del destino. Estudios de filosofía, 45, pp. 59-80.

LAERCIO, D. (1925) Vitae philosophorum. En: R. D. Hicks (Ed.), Lifes of eminent philosophers. Londres, Loeb Classical Library.

LONG, A. A., & Sedley, D. N. (1987) The Hellenistic philosophers. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York, Cambridge University Press.

MEYER, S. (2009) “Chain of Causes: What is Stoic Fate?”. En: Salles, R. (Ed.), God and Cosmos in stoicism, Oxford, OUP.

ORÍGENES. (1967-1969) Contra Celsum. En: M. Borret (Ed.), Origène. Contre Celse. Paris, Éditions du Cerf.

PROCLO. (1873) In primum Euclidis elementorum librum commentarii. En: G. Friedlein (Ed.), Procli Diadochi in primum Euclidis elementorum librum commentarii. Leipzig, Teubner.

PSEUDOPLUTARCO. (1959) De Fato. En: J. Hendreson (Ed.), Plutarch moralia. London, The Loeb classical library.

SEDLEY, D. (1993) Chrysippus on Psychophysical Causality. En: Brunschwig and Nussbaum (Ed.), Passions and Perceptions. Cambridge, The university press.



How to Cite

Gómez Espíndola, L. L. (2013). Review of Chrysippus’ Stoic theory or fate. Estudios De Filosofía, (48), 129–149.



Original or Research articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.