Wittgenstein and the method of analysis by propositional types in On Certainty
Keywords:Wittgenstein, method, propositional types, on certainty, philosophical analysis
My purpose in this article is to provide a reconstruction of the mechanics of philosophical analysis that Wittgenstein carried out in “On Certainty”. I will show that this analysis is based, specifically, on an appeal to a wide propositional typology that serves to evaluate and diagnose Moore’s propositions. To this end, I shall first explain how common readings of the methodological issues in “On Certainty” fail. Secondly, I focus on the mechanics of analysis found in paragraphs 1-65, specifically the analysis of three sentences: “There are physical objects”, “I know that there is a hand here” and “here the mistake is impossible”. Thirdly, I proceed to identify different stages of the method and justify in what sense the strategic core of such research is the table of propositional typologies.
Baker, G. (2004). Wittgenstein’s Method, Neglected Aspects. K. Morris (Ed.). New York: Blackwell.
Cardona, C. (2011). ¿Es Wittgenstein un fundacionalista? Ideas y Valores, LX (146): 73-95.
Coliva, A. (2010). Moore and Wittgenstein. Scepticism, Certainty and Common Sense. London: Palgrave-Mcmillan.
Engelmann, M. (2013). Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Development: Phenomenology, Grammar, Method, and the Anthropological View. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Harré, R. (2008). Grammatical Therapy and the Third Wittgenstein. Metaphilosophy, 39 (4–5): 484-491.
Hilmy, S. (1987). The Later Wittgenstein. Oxford: Blackwell.
Minar, E. (2005). On Wittgenstein’s Response to Scepticism: The Opening of On Certainty. En: D. Moyal-Sharrock & W. H. Brenner (Comps.), Readings of Wittgenstein’s On Certainty. (pp. 253-274). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Moore, G. E. (1983). Defensa del sentido común y otros ensayos. Carlos Solís (Trans.). Barcelona: Orbis.
Morris, K. (2004). Wittgenstein’s Method Neglected Aspects. Essays on Wittgenstein by Gordon Baker. Oxford: Blackwell.
Moyal-Sharrock D. (2009). Introduction to Proceedings Issue of The Third Wittgenstein. Philosophia, 37 (4): 557-562.
_______. (2004). Understanging Wittgenstein’s On Certainty. NewYork: Palgrave Macmillan.
_______. (2007). Perspicuous Presentations: Essays on Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Psychology. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mulhall, S. (2004). Philosophy’s Hidden Essence. PI89–133. En: E. Ammereller & E. Fischer (Eds.). Wittgenstein at Work, Method in the Philosophical Investigations. London: Routledge.
Stroll, A. (1994). Moore and Wittgenstein On Certainty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shmitz, B. (2006). Grammatical Propositions. En: M. Kober (Ed.), Deeping our Understanding of Wittgenstein. New York: Rodopi.
Whittaker, J. (2006). Wittgenstein’s On Certainty: There –like our Life– Rush Rhees; The Third Wittgenstein: The Post-investigations Works – Danièle Moyal- Sharrock; Understanding Wittgenstein’s On Certainty –Edited by Danièle Moyal-Sharrock. Philosophical Investigations 29 (3): 287–300.
Wittgenstein, L. (1988a). Investigaciones filosóficas. (IF). México: UNAM.
_______. (1988b). Sobre la Certeza. (SC). Barcelona: Gedisa.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Víctor Hugo Chica Pérez
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term "Work" shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
2. Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
3. The Author shall grant to the Publisher a nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercia-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions: (a) Attribution: Other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;(b) Noncommercial: Other users (including Publisher) may not use this Work for commercial purposes;
4. The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal;
5. Authors are permitted, and Estudios de Filosofía promotes, to post online the preprint manuscript of the Work in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work is expected be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Estudios de Filosofía's assigned URL to the Article and its final published version in Estudios de Filosofía.