Plato and Aristotle. Two ontologies in contrast


  • António Pedro Mesquita Universidade de Lisboa



Aristotle, Plato, being, categories, substance, essence


The purpose of this paper is to put forward two theses on the nature of metaphysics and its object in Aristotelian thought, which assume and simultaneously render the irreducibility of Platonic and Aristotelian ontology evident. Through the introduction and discussion of these theses, it will be made clear that the substance is not an operative, or merely taxonomical notion, but always has an invariant ontological content in Aristotle’s philosophy. We will find that the irreconcilable difference between the Platonic and Aristotelian ontologies stems precisely from this content.

= 883 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 482 veces| | HTML (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 61 veces|


Download data is not yet available.


Ackrill, J. (1963) Aristotle. Categories and De interpretatione. Oxford, Clarendon.

Angioni, L. (20022) Aristóteles. Metafísica. Livros VII-VIII. Campinas, UNICAMP.

Apelt, O. (1891) Beitrage zur Geschichte der griechischen Philosophie. Leipzig, Teubner.

Bonitz, H., Seidl, H. (1980) Aristoteles Metaphysik. II, Hamburg, Meiner.

Bostock, D. (1994) Aristotle. Metaphysics Books Ζ and Η. Oxford, Clarendon.

Calvo Martínez, T. (1994) Aristóteles. Metafísica, revis. P. O. García, Madrid, Gredos.

Figueiredo, M. J. (1994) McKirahan. Principles and Proofs, Philosophica 3, pp. 129-132.

Frede, M. (1981) Categories in Aristotle. En: O’Meara, D. (ed.), Studies in Aristotle, Washington (D.C.), Catholic University of America Press.

Frede. M., Patzig, G. (1985) Metaphysiκ Ζ. I: Einleitung, Text und Übersetzung. II: Kommentar, München, Beck.

Furth, M. (1985) Aristotle. Metaphysics Books Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota (VII-IX), Indianapolis, Hackett.

García Yebra, V. (19822) Metafísica de Aristóteles. Madrid, Gredos.

Garver, N. (1974) Notes for a Linguistic Reading of the Categories. En: Corcoran, J. (ed.), Ancient Logic and its Modern Interpretations, Dordrecht, Reidel, 1974, pp. 27-32.

Hoffmann, P. (1980) Les catégories ΠΟΥ et ΠΟΤΕ chez Aristote et Simplicius. En: Aubenque, P. (ed.), Concepts et catégories dans la pensée antique, Paris, Vrin, pp. 217-245.

Mckirahan, R. (1992) Principles and Proofs. Aristotle’s Theory of Demonstrative Science, Princeton, Princeton University Press.

Mesquita, A. P. (2011) Platão e o Individual: Para uma Leitura Ontológica da Khôra no Timeu. En: Varia Antiqua. Estudos de Filosofia Antiga, Lisboa, Centro de Filoso a da Universidade de Lisboa, pp. 149-167.

Oehler, K. (1956) Aristoteles Werke in deutscher Übersetzung, I, Berlin, Akademie Verlag.

Ross, W. D. (1924) Aristotle. Metaphysics: A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary, I-II, Oxford, Clarendon.

Ross, W. D. (1949) Aristotle’s Prior and Posterior Analytics. A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary, Oxford, Clarendon.

Ross, W. D. (1951) Plato’s Theory of Ideas. Oxford, Clarendon.

Sachs, J. (1999) Aristotle’s Metaphysics. Santa Fe (New Mexico), Green Lyon Press.

Santos, R. (1995) Aristóteles. Categorias. Porto, Porto Editora.

Smith, R. (1994) Aristotle. Topics Books I and VIII. Oxford, Clarendon.

Smith, R. (1995) Logic. En: Barnes, J. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle, Cambridge University Press, pp. 27-65.

Tredennick, H. (1933) Aristotle. The Metaphysics, I, London – Cambridge (Mass.), Loeb Classical Library.

Tricot, J. (1933) Aristote. La Métaphysique, I, Paris, Vrin.



How to Cite

Mesquita, A. P. (2016). Plato and Aristotle. Two ontologies in contrast. Estudios De Filosofía, (53), 57–79.



Original or Research articles

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.