Plato and Aristotle. Two ontologies in contrast
Keywords:Aristotle, Plato, being, categories, substance, essence
The purpose of this paper is to put forward two theses on the nature of metaphysics and its object in Aristotelian thought, which assume and simultaneously render the irreducibility of Platonic and Aristotelian ontology evident. Through the introduction and discussion of these theses, it will be made clear that the substance is not an operative, or merely taxonomical notion, but always has an invariant ontological content in Aristotle’s philosophy. We will find that the irreconcilable difference between the Platonic and Aristotelian ontologies stems precisely from this content.
Ackrill, J. (1963) Aristotle. Categories and De interpretatione. Oxford, Clarendon.
Angioni, L. (20022) Aristóteles. Metafísica. Livros VII-VIII. Campinas, UNICAMP.
Apelt, O. (1891) Beitrage zur Geschichte der griechischen Philosophie. Leipzig, Teubner.
Bonitz, H., Seidl, H. (1980) Aristoteles Metaphysik. II, Hamburg, Meiner.
Bostock, D. (1994) Aristotle. Metaphysics Books Ζ and Η. Oxford, Clarendon.
Calvo Martínez, T. (1994) Aristóteles. Metafísica, revis. P. O. García, Madrid, Gredos.
Figueiredo, M. J. (1994) McKirahan. Principles and Proofs, Philosophica 3, pp. 129-132.
Frede, M. (1981) Categories in Aristotle. En: O’Meara, D. (ed.), Studies in Aristotle, Washington (D.C.), Catholic University of America Press.
Frede. M., Patzig, G. (1985) Metaphysiκ Ζ. I: Einleitung, Text und Übersetzung. II: Kommentar, München, Beck.
Furth, M. (1985) Aristotle. Metaphysics Books Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota (VII-IX), Indianapolis, Hackett.
García Yebra, V. (19822) Metafísica de Aristóteles. Madrid, Gredos.
Garver, N. (1974) Notes for a Linguistic Reading of the Categories. En: Corcoran, J. (ed.), Ancient Logic and its Modern Interpretations, Dordrecht, Reidel, 1974, pp. 27-32.
Hoffmann, P. (1980) Les catégories ΠΟΥ et ΠΟΤΕ chez Aristote et Simplicius. En: Aubenque, P. (ed.), Concepts et catégories dans la pensée antique, Paris, Vrin, pp. 217-245.
Mckirahan, R. (1992) Principles and Proofs. Aristotle’s Theory of Demonstrative Science, Princeton, Princeton University Press.
Mesquita, A. P. (2011) Platão e o Individual: Para uma Leitura Ontológica da Khôra no Timeu. En: Varia Antiqua. Estudos de Filosofia Antiga, Lisboa, Centro de Filoso a da Universidade de Lisboa, pp. 149-167.
Oehler, K. (1956) Aristoteles Werke in deutscher Übersetzung, I, Berlin, Akademie Verlag.
Ross, W. D. (1924) Aristotle. Metaphysics: A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary, I-II, Oxford, Clarendon.
Ross, W. D. (1949) Aristotle’s Prior and Posterior Analytics. A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary, Oxford, Clarendon.
Ross, W. D. (1951) Plato’s Theory of Ideas. Oxford, Clarendon.
Sachs, J. (1999) Aristotle’s Metaphysics. Santa Fe (New Mexico), Green Lyon Press.
Santos, R. (1995) Aristóteles. Categorias. Porto, Porto Editora.
Smith, R. (1994) Aristotle. Topics Books I and VIII. Oxford, Clarendon.
Smith, R. (1995) Logic. En: Barnes, J. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle, Cambridge University Press, pp. 27-65.
Tredennick, H. (1933) Aristotle. The Metaphysics, I, London – Cambridge (Mass.), Loeb Classical Library.
Tricot, J. (1933) Aristote. La Métaphysique, I, Paris, Vrin.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2016 António Pedro Mesquita
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term "Work" shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
2. Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
3. The Author shall grant to the Publisher a nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercia-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions: (a) Attribution: Other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;(b) Noncommercial: Other users (including Publisher) may not use this Work for commercial purposes;
4. The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal;
5. Authors are permitted, and Estudios de Filosofía promotes, to post online the preprint manuscript of the Work in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work is expected be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Estudios de Filosofía's assigned URL to the Article and its final published version in Estudios de Filosofía.