Epilepsia, actividad física y deporte

  • Jaime Carrizosa-Moog Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
Palabras clave: Actividad Física, Deporte, Epilepsia, Medicina Complementaria

Resumen

Las personas con epilepsia tienden a ser más sedentarias que la población general. Las causas para ello son ignorancia, prejuicio, sobreprotección, temor o vergüenza. No existe sustentación científica que oriente a una limitación del ejercicio en dichas personas. Los estudios indican que son enormes los beneficios del deporte en los individuos afectados de epilepsia. Los aspectos positivos del ejercicio son acondicionamiento físico, protección para la aparición de crisis, alivio emocional, mejores destrezas sociales, mayor adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico, prevención de la osteoporosis y mejora en la calidad de vida de los pacientes y sus familias. De manera sensata y acorde con las particularidades de cada paciente, se debe prescribir u orientar el tipo de actividad física que se va a realizar. La evidencia disponible sitúa a la actividad física y el deporte en la categoría de terapia complementaria para las personas con epilepsia, que a un bajo costo, logra grandes beneficios. El llamado es a promover estas herramientas como una indicación habitual en los pacientes con epilepsia.

Biografía del autor/a

Jaime Carrizosa-Moog, Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
Profesor Titular, Departamento de Pediatría.

Citas

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Publicado
2016-12-23
Sección
Artículos de revisión