Evaluación de las estrategias de recuperación del trabajo: una mirada de su efectividad al interior de la residencia de cirugía

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.77

Palabras clave:

atención plena, desgaste profesional, meditación

Resumen


Introducción: durante el entrenamiento quirúrgico los residentes invierten grandes esfuerzos para alcanzar un desempeño óptimo. Sin embargo, como resultado de las altas demandas y pobres recursos en el trabajo, experimentan variables grados de desgaste profesional, estrés y escaso bienestar. Las estrategias de recuperación del trabajo representan una promisoria área de desarrollo para modificar estos resultados negativos. Nuestro objetivo es sintetizar la evidencia disponible sobre las estrategias de recuperación del trabajo en residentes de cirugía.

Métodos: basados en el marco teórico de la psicología organizacional positiva, en esta revisión narrativa sintetizamos la evidencia proveniente de estudios originales publicados entre 2010-2019, respecto a cuatro estrategias de recuperación: 1. El distanciamiento psicológico del trabajo; 2. La relajación: 3. Control del tiempo libre; y 4. Búsqueda de retos fuera del trabajo.

Resultados: un total de 18 estudios fueron incluidos. La mayoría de las intervenciones se fundamentan en el mindfulness (atención plena) como estrategia de relajación, pero su efectividad en la reducción de los niveles de estrés de los residentes de cirugía es pobre. La literatura es limitada para concluir sobre la efectividad de los otros grupos de estrategias de recuperación.

Conclusión: las estrategias más utilizadas para la recuperación del trabajo en residentes de cirugía, están en fase de desarrollo inicial. Su efectividad es limitada para la reducción del estrés y el desgaste profesional. Estos resultados ofrecen oportunidades de investigación futura.

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Biografía del autor/a

María Camila Devia, Universidad de La Sabana

Cirujano General. Departamento de Cirugía.

Luis Carlos Domínguez, Universidad de La Sabana

Profesor Asociado de Cirugía. Departamento de Cirugía.

Citas

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Publicado

2020-09-08

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1.
Devia MC, Domínguez LC. Evaluación de las estrategias de recuperación del trabajo: una mirada de su efectividad al interior de la residencia de cirugía. Iatreia [Internet]. 8 de septiembre de 2020 [citado 28 de junio de 2022];34(1):54-63. Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iatreia/article/view/340092

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