Validation of an instrument to assess the homecare competency of the family caregiver of a person with chronic disease


  • Gloria Mabel Carrillo Nurse, Master. Associate professor, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 8 Bogotá, Colombia. email:
  • Beatriz Sánchez Herrera Nurse, Master. Full professor, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. email:
  • Edier Mauricio Arias Rojas Nurse, Master. Program to diminish the burden of chronic disease in Colombia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. email:



Caregivers, chronic disease, factor analysis, statistical, reproducibility of results.


Objective. This work sought to develop, validate, and determine the reliability of an instrument on Competency in Homecare of the family caregiver of an individual with chronic disease.

Methodology. The test validation study was carried out in the following phases: 1) literature review; 2) analysis of results of programs to help family caregivers in Latin America; 3) exploration of the classification of nursing results (NOC) related to the family caregiver and discharge; 4) proposal of an instrument of care competence; and 5) psychometric tests: apparent validity with 25 family caregivers of individuals with chronic disease and six experts in the area; construct validity and reliability through internal consistency with 311 family caregivers of chronic patients.

Results. The instrument on homecare competency of the family caregiver of an individual with chronic disease (CUIDAR, for the term in Spanish) has 60 items that inquire on six categories: knowledge, uniqueness, instrumentation, enjoyment of life, anticipation and relationships, and social interaction. The apparent validity evidences clarity, coherence, sufficiency, and relevance of the scale. With the factor analysis six components were obtained through the Varimax rotation in which most of the items are associated according to the categories proposed. The reliability (internal consistency) reported a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.96.

Conclusion. The Homecare Competency instrument permits assessing the capacity of a family caregiver to care for an individual with chronic disease, proving valid and reliable for the Colombian context.

How to cite this article: Carrillo GM, Sánchez B, Arias EM. Validation of an instrument to assess the homecare competency of the family caregiver of a person with chronic disease. Invest Educ Enferm. 2015; 33(3):

= 407 veces | PDF
= 229 veces| | HTML RESUMEN
= 8 veces| | HTML ENGLISH
= 1 veces| | HTML ESPAÑOL
= 5 veces|


Download data is not yet available.


(1) Organización Mundial de la Salud. Factores de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares: nuevas esferas de investigación. Informe de un Grupo Científico de la OMS. Ginebra: OMS; 1994. Serie de Informes Técnicos: 841.

(2) Barrera L, Pinto N, Carrillo G, Chaparro L, Sánchez B. Instrumento de Caracterización del Cuidador. Cuidado a los cuidadores: familiares de personas con enfermedad crónica. Bogotá: Editorial de la Universidad Nacional Unibiblos; 2009.

(3) Vargas I, Vázquez M, Jané E. Equidad y reformas de los sistemas de salud en Latinoamérica. Cad Saúde Pública. 2002; 18(4):927-37.

(4) Luengo C, Araneda G, López M. Factores del cuidador familiar que influyen en el cumplimiento de los cuidados básicos del usuario postrado. Index Enferm. 2010; 19(1):14-8.

(5) Pinto N, Barrera L, Sánchez B, Figueroa P, Blanco L. Habilidad de cuidado de los cuidadores familiares de personas con enfermedad crónica. Mirada internacional. Aquichan. 2006; 6(1):22-3.

(6) Sánchez B, Carrillo G, Barrera L, Chaparro L. Carga del cuidado de la enfermedad crónica no transmisible. Aquichan. 2013; 13(2):247-60.

(7) Gort A, Mingot M, Gomez X, Soler T, Torres G; Sacristán O. et al. Use of the Zarit scale for assessing caregiver burden and collapse in caregiving at home in dementias. Int J Geriatr Psych. 2007; 22(10):957-62.

(8) Rogero J. Las consecuencias del cuidado familiar sobre el cuidador: Una valoración compleja y necesaria. Index Enferm. 2010; 19(1): 47-50.

(9) República de Colombia. Ministerio de Salud. Resolución 008430 de 1993 Por la cual se establecen las normas científicas, técnicas y administrativas para la investigación en salud. Bogotá. (04 de Octubre de 1993).

(10) Moorhead S, Johnson M, Maas M, Swanson E. Nursing outcomes classification. España: Elsevier, 2013.

(11) Carvajal A, Centeno C, Watson R, Martínez M, Sanz Á. ¿Cómo validar un instrumento de medida de la salud?. Anales Sis San Navarra. 2011; 34(1):63-72.

(12) Arribas A. Adaptación Transcultural de Instruments. Guía para el Proceso de Validación de Instrumentos Tipo Encuestas. Rev Asoc Med Bahía Blanca. 2006; 16(3):74-82.

(13) Tristán A. Modificación de los modelos de Lawshe para el dictamen cuantitativo de la validez de contenido de un instrument objective. Av Medición. 2008; 6:37-48

(14) Raykov T, Marcoulides G. An Introduction to Applied Multivariate Analysis. New York: Routledge; 2008.

(15) Nunally J. and Bernstein I. Teoría Psicométrica. 3rd Ed. México: Mc-Graw Hill; 1995.

(16) Waltz C, Strikland O, Lenz E. Measurement in Nursing and Health Research. 4th Ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2010.

(17) Hadjistavropoulos H, Garratt S, Janzen J, Bourgault-Fagnou M, Spice K. Development and evaluation of a Continuity of Care Checklist for improving orthopaedic patient discharge from hospital. J Orthop Nurs. 2009; 13:183–93.

(18) Kenner C, Boykova M. Transition to Home: Family Perspectives on Care in Russia. Newborn Infant Nurs Rev. 2007; 7(1):20-4.

(19) Senarath U, Gunawardena N. Development of an Instrument to Measure Patient Perception of the Quality of Nursing Care and Related Hospital Services at the National Hospital of Sri Lanka. Asian Nurs Res. 2011; 5(2):71–80.

(20) Holland D, Hansen D, Matt-Hensrud N, Severson M, Wenninger C. A Nursing Needs Assessment Instrument. Geriatr Nurs.1998; 19:331-4.

(21) Bobay K, Jerofke T, Weiss M, Yakusheva O. Age-Related Differences in Perception of Quality of Discharge Teaching and Readiness for Hospital Discharge. Geriatr Nurs. 2010; 31(3):178-87.



How to Cite

Carrillo, G. M., Sánchez Herrera, B., & Arias Rojas, E. M. (2015). Validation of an instrument to assess the homecare competency of the family caregiver of a person with chronic disease. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 33(3).




Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.