EVOLUTION OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE IN THE NURSING FIELD: THE POPULAR CARE OF CONSTRUCTION OF THEORIES
Objective: to relate the evolution of scientiﬁc knowledge of nursing with the proper history of modern nursing. Methodology: it is a question of theoretical reﬂection achieved by literary revision. Results: four expressive phases were identiﬁed and characterized as: “the contribution of Florence Nightingale, the technic dominion, the advent of scientiﬁc principles and the construction of Nursing Theories”. In the ﬁrst one, one the focal of the investigation was centralized on “what to do?”; in the second one, trying to investigate scientiﬁc principles based-on “why to do it?”. At this moment it is dedicated to scientiﬁc research nursing investigate “what is your proper knowledge?” Conclusions: Evidently, there are unquestionably, the advance of nursing in the search of its identity, remains as a task in the struggle for acknowledging the profession, with the adoption of strategies that permit to legitimate knowledge produced, with the use of proper theories to found their research, for example, like the conquest of new and interesting spaces, either for the implementation of the process of caring for application and reapplication of theories.
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