Assesment of the influence of copper and nickel on the corrosion kinetics of weathering steels by in situ and ex situ impedance spectroscopy
Keywords:Cebelcor, equivalent circuit of Warburg, rust, weathering steel
A Cebelcor chamber was used to make immersion-emersion cyclical tests of two commercial steels (ASTM A36 and ASTM A242) and three experimental plasma arc melted steels (0.50% Ni, 0.50% Cu and 0.25% Cu+0.25%Ni). Four samples of each steel material were evaluated. Aerated 10-3 M Na2
SO4 solution was employed as corrosive solution. The behaviour of each test was evaluated by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique (EIS) in situ (inside the Cebelcor chamber) for 1, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 90 days by using a frequency range between 200 Hz-0.01 Hz frequency range. At the end of the exposition the rusts were evaluated outside the Cebelcor by means of the (ex situ) EIS, but using a wide frecuency range (900 kHz-0.005Hz). The simulation of these last data by means of an equivalent circuit with Warburg diffusion impedance, showed the existence of two layers of rust, electrically different between them. The results of in situ and ex situ EIS data for 90 days exposition times indicated that exists a statistically significative difference between the ASTM A36 and the other materials, demonstrating a larger ohmic resistance of the rust of the last ones. The ASTM A36 steel showed that the rust is composed of α/γ FeOOH plus magnetite (10%). The ASTM A242 and the experimental steels with nickel, copper and combinations of
both showed that the rusts are composed of α/γ FeOOH with no evidence of magnetite. A similar effect between copper and nickel in the atmospheric corrosion kinetics was found. All the parameters found in the simulation are interpreted in terms of a phenomenological model proposed for explaining the results.
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