Tools for the selection of the transmission probability in the cluster formation phase for Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks

Authors

  • Mario Eduardo Rivero-Angeles Instituto Politécnico Nacional https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1020-6806
  • Izlian Yolanda Orea-Flores Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Keywords:

Transmission probability, clustering, event-driven WSNs, Markovian analysis

Abstract


In the literature, it is common to find studies on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) that consider the Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA) protocol with a fixed transmission probability for means of the random access strategy. This is especially true for event-driven applications for clusteredbased architectures. However, due to the highly variable environment in these networks in terms of the number of nodes attempting a transmission (at the beginning of the cluster formation all nodes in the network contend for the channel, while at the end only a few nodes attempt a transmission), a fixed transmission probability may not entail an adequate performance. Specifically, the energy consumption may be too high by considering a fixed transmission strategy, because the use of a low transmission probability at the beginning of the cluster formation reduces the collision probability, but at the end entails long idle periods. In view of this, the effects of three different transmission probability strategies for event-driven WSNs are studied. Based on the obtained results, it is shown that a careful selection of the transmission probability is required in order to prolong the network lifetime.

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Author Biographies

Mario Eduardo Rivero-Angeles, Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Computer Networks and Communications Laboratory, Computer Research Center (CIC)

Izlian Yolanda Orea-Flores, Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Professor, Academy of Telematics, Interdisciplinary Professional Unit in Engineering and
Advanced Technologies (UPIITA)

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Published

2014-11-13

How to Cite

Rivero-Angeles, M. E., & Orea-Flores, I. Y. (2014). Tools for the selection of the transmission probability in the cluster formation phase for Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (73), 101–110. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/ingenieria/article/view/15731