Marco experimental para microrredes a escala de laboratorio

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n81a02

Palabras clave:

microrredes, redes inteligentes, fuentes distribuidas

Resumen

Este artículo presenta una propuesta de un banco de pruebas de microrredes para uso en laboratorio. El objetivo es proporcionar alta flexibilidad utilizando un enfoque modular con un hardware común para la mayoría de las tareas. El marco experimental propuesto para microrredes a escala de laboratorio proporciona los requisitos para enseñanza e investigación. Esto se logra con una etapa de electrónica de potencia reconfigurable, para pruebas y diseños de nuevas topologías. Permite probar algoritmos en los distintos niveles de la estructura jerárquica de la microrred. Da acceso a la emulación y simulación de elementos encontrados comúnmente en una microrred y a la programación de bajo nivel de los protocolos de comunicación para estudiar el canal de comunicación. La unidad de procesamiento en cada módulo, llamado controlador local, utiliza un procesador digital de señales de alto rendimiento (DSP). Esta unidad de procesamiento permite la reconfiguración de cada módulo para asumir cualquier tarea en la microrred; es decir, como cargas controlables, almacenamiento de energía, generación eólica, generación fotovoltaica, etc. El hardware propuesto se probó operando como emulador de los diferentes subsistemas. Las comunicaciones con un controlador central microrred (MCC) se realizan mediante procesadores integrados estándar, capaces de implementar los protocolos de comunicación adecuados para ambientes de microrred.

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Biografía del autor/a

José Alex Restrepo-Zambrano, Universidad del Valle

Grupo de investigación en Control Industrial (GICI), Escuela de Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica.

José Miguel Ramírez-Scarpetta, Universidad del Valle

Grupo de investigación en Control Industrial (GICI), Escuela de Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica.

Martha Lucia Orozco-Gutiérrez, Universidad del Valle

Grupo de investigación en Control Industrial (GICI), Escuela de Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica.

Jorge Antonio Tenorio-Melo, Universidad del Valle

Grupo de investigación en Control Industrial (GICI), Escuela de Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica.

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Publicado

2016-12-02

Cómo citar

Restrepo-Zambrano, J. A., Ramírez-Scarpetta, J. M., Orozco-Gutiérrez, M. L., & Tenorio-Melo, J. A. (2016). Marco experimental para microrredes a escala de laboratorio. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (81), 9–23. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n81a02

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