Effectiveness of two retainer types in dental and occlusal stability

Authors

  • Sandra Liliana Gómez-Gómez Universidad de Antioquia
  • Luis Fernando Salazar-Quiceno Universidad de Antioquia
  • Diego Alejandro Guisao Universidad de Antioquia
  • Jhon Jairo Betancur-Pérez Universidad de Antioquia
  • Ángela María Segura-Cardona Universidad CES

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v28n1a2

Keywords:

Orthodontic retainers, Dental occlusion dental arch

Abstract


Introduction: with the purpose of providing additional details on the selection of retainer type, this study sought to assess the stability of dental and occlusal position during retention phase using two types of retainers in individuals with no remnant growth who completed orthodontic treatment at the Universidad de Antioquia School of Dentistry, Universidad CES, and in private practice in Medellín in 2011. Methods: this was a controlled clinical study with a sample of 47 patients aged 15 to 45 years, randomly selected into two treatment groups: 22 patients with Essix retainer and 25 patients with Hawley plate in both arches. Cephalometric X-rays and study models were taken on all patients at baseline and six months later with monthly clinical evaluations. Results: the clinical and radiographic results showed significant differences in some tooth rotations in terms of upper intercanine distance and molar relationship, but overall there were no statistically significant differences between both retainers in the three space planes. Conclusions: there were no statistically significant differences between the retainers in a six-month evaluation period.

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Author Biographies

Sandra Liliana Gómez-Gómez, Universidad de Antioquia

DMD, Specialist in Comprehensive Dentistry of the Adolescent and Orthodontics. Assistant Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia

Luis Fernando Salazar-Quiceno, Universidad de Antioquia

DMD, Student of Clinical Specialization in Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia 

Diego Alejandro Guisao, Universidad de Antioquia

DMD, Student of Clinical Specialization in Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia.

Jhon Jairo Betancur-Pérez, Universidad de Antioquia

DMD, Specialist in Comprehensive Dentistry of the Adolescent and Orthodontics. Specialist in Health Services Management: Marketing, Specialist in University Didactics. Associate Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia.

Ángela María Segura-Cardona, Universidad CES

Computational Statistician, MSc in Epidemiology, PhD in Epidemiology. Researcher in the Epidemiology and Biostatistics Research Group, Universidad CES

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Published

2016-12-16

How to Cite

Gómez-Gómez, S. L., Salazar-Quiceno, L. F., Guisao, D. A., Betancur-Pérez, J. J., & Segura-Cardona, Ángela M. (2016). Effectiveness of two retainer types in dental and occlusal stability. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 28(1), 34–53. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v28n1a2

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