Social skills and behavior in children during the dental appointment in a school teaching and dental assistance, Cartagena (Colombia)

Authors

  • Ketty Ramos-Martínez Universidad de Cartagena
  • Lizelia Margarita Alfaro-Zolá Universidad de Cartagena
  • Lesbia Rosa Tirado-Amador Universidad de Cartagena
  • Farith González-Martínez Universidad de Cartagena

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v27n1a5

Keywords:

Behavior, Behavior disorder, Children, Dental care

Abstract


Introduction: the goal of this study was to describe the social skills, behavior, and related problems of children during dental consultation at a teaching care center in the city of Cartagena, Colombia. Methods: this was a cross sectional study in 205 children aged 5 to 8 years receiving dental treatment in the area of study and evaluated by the Frankl scale, the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales (PKBS), and a survey about family and socio-demographic factors. The analysis was performed by means of averages (±DE), t-tests, one-way analysis of variance (Anova), and Chi square tests. Results: the Frankl scale showed higher positive behaviors. The findings obtained in the social skills dimension for the “help a friend in trouble” item showed higher averages as age progressed: age 5 (1.46), age 6 (1.57), age 7 (1.74), age 8 (1.77) (p<0.03). There was a difference for the type of clinic where care was provided (p˂0.05). Concerning behavioral problems, some items showed differences in terms of age (p˂0.05), sex (p˂0.05), and type of clinic (p˂0.05). Conclusions: some environmental factors and personal relationships influence the social skills, behavior, and related problems in children.

|Abstract
= 308 veces | PDF (ESPAÑOL (ESPAÑA))
= 205 veces|

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ketty Ramos-Martínez, Universidad de Cartagena

DMD. Specialist in Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics. Master’s Degree in Public Health. Associate Professor. School of Dentistry. Universidad de Cartagena.

Lizelia Margarita Alfaro-Zolá, Universidad de Cartagena

DMD Specialist in Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics. Adjunct Professor. School of Dentistry. Universidad de Cartagen

Lesbia Rosa Tirado-Amador, Universidad de Cartagena

DMD Young Colciencias researcher. GISPOUC Public Health Research Group. School of Dentistry. Universidad de Cartagena

Farith González-Martínez, Universidad de Cartagena

DMD PhD(s). Associate Professor, Department Research, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Cartagena, Director of the GISPOUC Public Health Research Group

References

Reina C, Ison MS, Brussino S. Comportamiento social y procesamiento de la información social en niños argentinos. Rev Int Psicol Ter Psicol 2011; 11 (1): 57- 78.

Cairns RB, Cairns BD. Aggression and attachment: the folly of separatism. En: AC Bohart y DJ Stipek, editors. Constructive and destructive behavior: implications for family, school and society. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 2001. p. 21-47.

Medina JP. Adaptación del niño a la consulta odontológica. Acta Odontol Venez [revista en línea] 1998 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 36 (2): 70-3. Disponible en: http://www.actaodontologica.com/ediciones/1998/2/adaptacion_nino_consulta_odontologica.asp

Rodríguez MC. Factores personales y familiares asociados a problemas de comportamiento en niños. Estud psicol (Campinas) 2010; 27 (4): 437-447.

Gras M, Martínez G. Las primeras manifestaciones de la conducta antisocial en la Escuela. Rev Elect Interuniv Forml Profr [revista en línea] 2002 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 5(4): 1-5. Disponible en: http://aufop.com/aufop/uploaded_files/articulos/1227711496.pdf

García ME. Conducta de los niños en la consulta odontopediatría y su ambiente familiar (Tesis doctoral). Granada: Universidad de Granada; 2010.

Vermaire JH, de Jongh A, Aartman IH. Dental anxiety and quality of life: the effect of dental treatment. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2008; 36 (5): 409-416.

Townend E, Dimigen G, Fung D. A clinical study of child dental anxiety. Behav Res Ther 2000; 38 (1): 31-46.

Baker BL, Blacher J, Olsson MB. Preschool children with and without developmental delay: behaviour problems, parents’ optimism and well-being. J Intellect Disabil Res 2005; 49 (Pt 8):575-590.

Bolin AK. Children’s dental health in Europe: an epidemiological investigation of 5- and 12-year old children from eight EU countries. Swed Dent J Suppl 1997; 122: 1-88.

Ayala H, Pedroza F, Morales S, Chaparro A, Barragán N. Factores de riesgo, factores protectores y generalización del comportamiento agresivo en una muestra de niños en edad escolar. Salud Mental [revista en línea] 2002 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 25 (3): 27-40. Disponible en: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=58232504

Colombia, Ministerio de Salud. Resolución 8430 de 1990, por la cual se establecen las normas científicas, técnicas y administrativas para la investigación en salud. Bogotá: El Ministerio; 1993.

Frankl SN, Shiere FR, Fogles HR. Should the parent remain with the child in the dental operatory?. J Dent Child 1962; 29: 150-163.

Gómez R, Durán L, Cabra L, Pinzón C, Rodríguez N. Musicoterapia para el control de la ansiedad odontológica en niños con síndrome de Down. Hacia Promoc Salud [revista en línea] 2012 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 17 (2): 13-24. Disponible en: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0121-75772012000200002

Merrell KW. An Investigation of the relationship between social skills and internalizing problems in early childhood: construct validity of the preschool and kindergarten behavior scales. J Psychoeduc Assess 1995; 13: 230-240.

Benítez JL, Pichardo MC, García T, Fernández M, Justicia F, Fernández E. Análisis de la estructura factorial de las puntuaciones de la «Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale» en población española. Psicothema [revista en línea] 2011 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 23 (2): 314-321. Disponible en: http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/3888.pdf

Shapiro SS, Wilk MB. An analysis of variance test for normality (complete samples). Biometrika 1965; 52 (3-4): 591-611.

Abushal MS, Adenubi JO. Attitudes of saudi parents toward separation from their children during dental treatment. Saudi Dent J 2009; 21(2):63-67.

Ferro M, Maldonado A, Montiel Y, Rivas M. Implicaciones psicológicas del paciente odontológico con maltrato infantil. Revista latinoamericana de Ortodoncia y Odontopediatría [revista en línea] 2010 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 1-6. Disponible en: http://www.ortodoncia.ws/publicaciones/2010/art3.asp.

Cabrera V, González M, Guevara I. Estrés parental, trato rudo y monitoreo como factores asociados a la conducta agresiva. Univ Psychol [revista en línea] 2012 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 11 (1): 241-254. Disponible en: http://revistas.javeriana.edu.co/index.php/revPsycho/article/viewFile/842/1533

Kade A, Salazar C, Pérez A, Nevado F. Comportamiento del niño en el consultorio Odontológico. Acta Odontol Venez [revista en línea] 1999 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 37 (3): 172-176. Disponible en: http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-63651999000300032&lng=es

Cameron A. Manual de conducta en odontopediatría. Rev. latinoam. ortod. odontopediatria. 2010; 5: 10-15.

Afshar H, Baradaran Nakhjavani Y, Mahmoudi-Gharaei J, Paryab M, Zadhoosh S. The Effect of Parental Presence on the 5 year-Old Children’s Anxiety and Cooperative Behavior in the First and Second Dental Visit. Iran J Pediatr 2011; 21(2):193-200.

Yi-Ling L, Yea-Yin Y, Hon-Sen C, Yen-Chun L, Chin-Shun C, Chun-Ming C et al. Child dental fear in low-income and non-low-income families: A school-based survey study. Journal of dental sciences [revista en línea] 2014 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 9(2): 165-171. Disponible en: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1991790213000433

Mannaa A, Carlén A, Lingström P. Dental caries and associated factors in mothers and their preschool and school children –a cross– sectional study. J Dent Sci 2013; 8 (2): 101-108.

Soto RM, Reyes DD. Manejo de las emociones del niño en la consulta odontológica. Revista latinoamericana de ortodoncia y odontopediatría [revista en línea] 2005 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]. Disponible en: http://www.ortodoncia.ws/publicaciones/2005/art10.asp

Muhammad S, Shyama M, Al-Mutawa S. Parental attitude toward behavioral management techniques in dental practice with school children in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract 2011; 20 (4): 350-355.

Abanto JA, Rezende KMPC, Bönecker M, Corrêa FNP, Corrêa MSNP. Propuestas no-farmacológicas de manejo del comportamiento en niños. Rev Estomatol Hered [revista en línea] 2010 [fecha de acceso 19 de agosto de 2015]; 20 (2): 101-106. Disponible en: http://www.upch.edu.pe/vrinve/dugic/revistas/index.php/REH/article/view/1769/1788.

Abushal MS, Adenubi JO. Attitudes of saudi parents toward behavior management techniques in pediatric dentistry. J Dent Child (Chic) 2003; 70(2):104-110.

Feigal R. Manejo de la conducta del niño a través de métodos no farmacológicos. Journal of Pediatric Dentistry Practice (Edición en español). 1997; 1 (4a): 67-77.

Arnrup K, Broberg AG, Berggren U, Bodin L. Temperamental reactivity and negative emotionality in uncooperative children referred to specialized paediatric dentistry compared to children in ordinary dental care. Int J Paediatr Dent 2007; 17(6):419-429.

Published

2015-11-17

How to Cite

Ramos-Martínez, K., Alfaro-Zolá, L. M., Tirado-Amador, L. R., & González-Martínez, F. (2015). Social skills and behavior in children during the dental appointment in a school teaching and dental assistance, Cartagena (Colombia). Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 27(1), 86–107. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v27n1a5