Dental fluorosis in children of private schools. Medellín, Colombia, 2007

Authors

  • Blanca Susana Ramírez-Puerta Universidad de Antioquia
  • Ángela María Franco-Cortés Universidad de Antioquia
  • Ángela María Gómez-Restrepo Universidad de Antioquia
  • Diana Isabel Corrales-Mesa Universidad de Antioquia

Keywords:

Fluorides, Dental fluorides, Oral health, Epidemiology

Abstract


Introduction: the objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of dental fluorosis among 6-13-year-old children who attended private schools in 2007 in Medellin, Colombia. Methods: seven hundred and fifty two children of 20 private schools selected at random were examined. Two dentists who were trained and calibrated in dental fluorosis diagnosis carried out the clinical evaluation of the children after dental brushing. The labial surfaces of maxillary teeth were examined by visual inspection and with natural light. Thylstrup and Fejerskov index (TFI) for dental fluorosis was used to diagnose and register the alteration. Results: the prevalence of dental fluorosis among school children was 79.1% (TFI ≥ 1); of which 50.8% had only mild degree (TFI1 or 2 ), while 5.1% of the children had severe fluorosis (TFI ≥ 5). Besides, it was found that 17% had TFI ≥ 1 in 50% or less of the teeth. Conclusions: the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children of private schools of Medellin was high, although a mild degree was more prevalent. Formulation of intervention strategies by health authorities are needed in order to contribute to the risk control processes of dental fluorosis.

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Author Biographies

Blanca Susana Ramírez-Puerta, Universidad de Antioquia

Odontóloga. Magister en Epidemiología, profesora asociada , Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Ángela María Franco-Cortés, Universidad de Antioquia

Odontóloga. Magíster en epidemiologia. Docente Universidad de Antioquia.

Ángela María Gómez-Restrepo, Universidad de Antioquia

Odontóloga. Especialista en Odontología Integral del Niño y Ortopedia Maxilar. Docente Universidad de Antioquia.

Diana Isabel Corrales-Mesa, Universidad de Antioquia

Odontóloga. Especialista en Odontología Integral del adolescente

Published

2010-06-08

How to Cite

Ramírez-Puerta, B. S., Franco-Cortés, Ángela M., Gómez-Restrepo, Ángela M., & Corrales-Mesa, D. I. (2010). Dental fluorosis in children of private schools. Medellín, Colombia, 2007. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 21(2), 170–176. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/2592

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