Early childhood caries in 1-5 year-old children. Medellín, Colombia, 2008

  • Blanca Susana Ramírez-Puerta Universidad de Antioquia
  • Gloria Escobar-Paucar Universidad de Antioquia
  • Ángela María Franco-Cortés Universidad de Antioquia
  • María Cecilia Martínez-Pabón Universidad de Antioquia
  • Liliana Gómez-Urrea Universidad de Antioquia
Keywords: Dental caries, Preschool child, Early childhood caries, Primary dentition

Abstract

Introduction: the purpose of this study was to estimate the experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries in 1-5 year-old children attending day care centers in a low and middle-low socioeconomic area. Methods: 659 children who were attending day care centers in the North Eastern area of the city of Medellin were examined. A calibrated (intra examiner Kappa 0.77 and inter examiner 0.71) examiner registered dental caries lesions, using International Caries Assessment and Detection System (ICDAS) criteria. Dental caries experience was calculated according to age, gender and distribution levels of severity. Results: using ICDAS criteria, 69.7% of children had early childhood caries (ECC), the average affected surfaces was 5.12 (±7.5), with significant differences by age and predominance of early lesions in 1-3 year-old children. Conclusion: the population studied had high levels of dental caries, reflecting that it is still necessary to advance in the definition of oral health policies for young children in the city.

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Author Biographies

Blanca Susana Ramírez-Puerta, Universidad de Antioquia

Dentist, Master in Epidemiology, Professor at the School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Gloria Escobar-Paucar, Universidad de Antioquia

Dentist, pediatric dentist, Master in Public Health, Associate Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Ángela María Franco-Cortés, Universidad de Antioquia

Dentist, Master in Epidemiology, Associate Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

María Cecilia Martínez-Pabón, Universidad de Antioquia

Dentist, Master in Microbiology, Associate Professor, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Liliana Gómez-Urrea, Universidad de Antioquia

Dentist

Published
2011-07-14
How to Cite
Ramírez-Puerta B. S., Escobar-Paucar G., Franco-Cortés Ángela M., Martínez-Pabón M. C., & Gómez-Urrea L. (2011). Early childhood caries in 1-5 year-old children. Medellín, Colombia, 2008. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 22(2), 164-172. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/6697