Oral health and dental care in pregnant women: bibliometric study, systematic review, and content analysis

Authors

  • Andrea Johanna Almario-Barrera Universidad Santo Tomás
  • César Acevedo-Argüello Universidad Santo Tomás
  • Camila Villarreal-Neira Universidad Santo Tomás
  • Carolina Morales-Borrero Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Sonia Constanza Concha-Sánchez Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v28n2a9

Keywords:

Oral health, dental care, Pregnant women, Bibliometrics, Systematic review, Content analysis

Abstract


Introduction: the oral condition of pregnant women and the attention it needs affect the overall health of these women and their children. A variety of perspectives have been used to understand and approach research on this field. The objectives of this study were: conduct a bibliometric analysis, assess the quality of the available evidence, and conduct content analysis of articles related to the topics. Methodology: publications related to the topics were identified through a systematic search of the literature, identifying authors, years, and countries with the most publications; in addition, quality of the reports was assessed through the STROBE Guide on the studies that were retrieved in full text, conducting content analysis on thematic, methodological, and epistemological aspects. Results: the systematic review was conducted in three databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science). Institutions, authors, institutional affiliation, and co-authorship networks were identified with the bibliometric analysis. The systematic review showed predominance of cross-sectional observational studies; there were few controlled clinical trials and they generally emphasized treatments for periodontal disease in pregnant women. The evidence on this subject tends to be low. Content analysis showed that, in ontological terms, research focuses on three main areas: a) biological differences between men and women; b) impact of pregnant women’s oral health on the oral and overall health of their babies, c) relationship between pregnancy, oral health, and its impact on the oral and overall health of women. Few studies explore social determinants. In epistemological terms, studies from positivist perspectives were predominant. In methodological terms, the emphasis is placed on research with quantitative approaches. Conclusion: it is necessary to strengthen the relationship between biological and social aspects of pregnant women’s oral health and dental care from different epistemological perspectives, seeking a comprehensive view of these aspects and improving dental care in pregnant women

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Author Biographies

Andrea Johanna Almario-Barrera, Universidad Santo Tomás

DMD, Universidad Santo Tomás. Graduate Dental Student, Universidad Santo Tomás

César Acevedo-Argüello, Universidad Santo Tomás

Bachelor’s Degree in Spanish and Literature, Universidad Industrial de Santander. Professional Support Staff - Bibliometrics Division, Department of Libraries, Universidad Santo Tomás.

Camila Villarreal-Neira, Universidad Santo Tomás

DMD, Universidad Santo Tomás.

Carolina Morales-Borrero, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DMD, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. MSc in Health Services Administration, Universidad Javeriana. PhD in Public Health, Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Sonia Constanza Concha-Sánchez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DMD, Universidad Santo Tomás. MSc in Epidemiology, Universidad Industrial de Santander. PhD in Public Health, Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

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Published

2017-06-30

How to Cite

Almario-Barrera, A. J., Acevedo-Argüello, C., Villarreal-Neira, C., Morales-Borrero, C., & Concha-Sánchez, S. C. (2017). Oral health and dental care in pregnant women: bibliometric study, systematic review, and content analysis. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 28(2), 374–407. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v28n2a9