Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need in adolescents from Pasto, Colombia

Authors

  • Ana Cristina Mafla Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia - Pasto
  • David Alexander Barrera Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia - Pasto
  • Ginna Mabel Muñoz Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia - Pasto

Keywords:

Malocclusion, Diagnosis, Prevalence, Need assessment, Esthetic, Adolescent

Abstract

Introduction: the objective was to assess the severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs in adolescents from Pasto, Colombia adolescents by using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Methods: a total of 387 adolescents were randomly selected from a population of 20175 students between 13 and 16 years of age. This cross-sectional study was carried out at Champagnat, San Francisco de Asís and San Juan Bosco high schools. Students wearing orthodontic appliances or reporting a history of orthodontic treatment were excluded from the study. Clinical examination was conducted with the DAI. Mann-Whitney and Kruskall-Wallis analyses were used to compare the DAI scores according to gender and socioeconomic status (SES), respectively. Results: the DAI mean was 34.37 ± 14.71. The 52.7% had between a severe and very severe malocclusion which implies an orthodontic treatment need. Statistically significant differences were found between the DAI scores according to SES (p < 0.001). Conclusions: half of the evaluated adolescents would need orthodontic treatment. In this study, SES was an important variable that is related to the Dental Aesthetic Index scores.

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Author Biographies

Ana Cristina Mafla, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia - Pasto

dentist, MSP, director of the Odontology Research Group (GIOD), School of Dentistry, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto.

David Alexander Barrera, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia - Pasto

student X Semester, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto.

Ginna Mabel Muñoz, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia - Pasto

Student IX Semester, Faculty of Dentistry, Cooperative University of Colombia, Pasto.

Published

2011-07-14

How to Cite

Mafla, A. C., Barrera, D. A., & Muñoz, G. M. (2011). Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need in adolescents from Pasto, Colombia. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 22(2), 173–185. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/7308