Depresión y su relación con la calidad de vida en un grupo de cuidadores de personas con demencia


  • Jhon Alexander Moreno Moreno
  • Juan Carlos Arango Lasprilla Universidad de Antioquia
  • Heather Rogers


Palabras clave:

Depresión, Demencia, Calidad de vida, Cuidadores


Los cuidadores de pacientes con demencia son susceptibles de presentar depresión y, por consiguiente, esto podría incrementar la posibilidad de que aparezcan problemas que pudiesen alterar su calidad de vida, tanto a nivel físico como emocional. El presente estudio busca determinar si existe una relación entre la presencia o ausencia de depresión, y la calidad de vida en un grupo de cuidadores de personas con demencia de la ciudad de Bogotá, Colombia. Se concluye que la depresión genera un deterioro en los indicadores de salud física y mental en personas expuestas al estrés crónico, como son los cuidadores de pacientes con demencia.
= 107 veces | PDF
= 50 veces|


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Aguilar-Barbera, M. (1998). Estudios de calidad de vida en el marco de las demencias. Revista de Neurología, 28 (1), 80-84.

Allegri, R. F., Butman, J., Arizaga, R. L., Machnicki, G., Serrano, C., Taragano, F. E., et al. (2006). Economic impact of dementia in developing countries: an evaluation of costs of Alzheimer-type dementia in Argentina. International Psy-chogeriatrics , 1-14.

Alonso, J., Prieto, L. y Anto, J. M. (1992). La versión española del SF-36 Health Survey (Cuestionario de Salud de SF-36): un instrumento para la me-dida de los resultados clínicos. Med Clin, 104, 771-776.

Andrieu, S., Rive, B., Guilhaume, C., Kurz, X., Scuvée-Moreau, J., Grand, A., et al. (2007). New as-sessment of dependency and demented patients: impact of the quality of life in informal caregi-vers. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 61, 234-242.

Arango-Lasprilla, J.C., Rogers, H y Fernández, S. La familia y el cuidador del paciente con demencia y sus recursos. En: Arango, J.C., Fernández, S y Ardila, A (Eds). Las demencias: Aspectos clínicos, neuropsicológicos y tratamiento. Manual Moder-no: México, D.F. 2003, pp. 433-444.

Arango-Lasprilla, J.C., Moreno, A., Rogers, H. y Francis, K. (2009). The effect of dementia patient’s physical, cognitive, and emotional/ behavioral problems on caregiver well-being: findings from a Spanish-speaking sample from Colombia, South America. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias, 24 (5), pp. 384-95.

Arango-Lasprilla, J.C., Moreno, A., Gómez, M. y Rogers, H. (2008). «Correlates of depression and burden in a group of dementia caregivers from Colombia, South America.», reference 0103, Brain Injury, Vol. 22, supplement 1, 32-33.

Arizaga, R. L. (2002). Transcultural problems in clinical assessment. En T. Erkinjuntti y S. Gauthier (Eds.) Vascular Cognitive impairment. London: Martin Dunitz, pp. 523-538.

Arizaga R. L. (2005). Epidemiology of dementia. En C.A. Mangone, E.F Allegri, E.R. Arizaga y J.A. Ollari (Eds.) Dementia: a multidisciplinary approach Buenos Aires: Polemos, pp. 7-17.

Argimon, J., Limon, E., Vila, J., y Cabezas, C. (2004). Health-related quality of life in carers of patients with dementia. Family Practice , 21, 454-457.

Argimon, J., Limon, E., Vila, J., & Cabezas, C. (2005). Health-related quality-of-life of care-givers as a predictor of nursing-home placement of patients with dementia. Alzheimer’s Disease and Associa-ted Disorders , 19 (1), 41-44.

Brown, S. (2007). Health effects on caregiving: studies of helping behavior needed! Alzheimer’s Care Today , 8 (3), 235-246.

Cassano, P., & Fava, M. (2002). Depression and public health: An overview. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53, 849-857.

Chan, S.W., Chiu, H.F., Chien, W.T., Goggins, W., Thomp-son., D. y Hong, B. (2009). Predictors of change in health-related quality of life among older people with depression: a longitudinal study. Internatinal Psychogeriatrics, 21 (6), 1171-1179.

Chappell, N. L., & Reid, C. (2002). Burden and well-be-ing among caregivers: examining the distinction. The Gerontologist , 42 (6), 772-780.

Cheng, T., Chen, T., Yip, P., Hua, M, Yang, C. y Chiu, M. (2009). Comparison of behavioral and psycholo-gical symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease among ins-titution residents and memory clinic outpatients. International Psychogeriatrics, 21, 1134-114.

Coon, D. W., & Edgerly, E. S. (1999). The personal and social consequences of Alzheimer disease. Ge-netic Testing , 3 (1), 29-36.

Croog, S., Sudilovsky, A., Burleson, J. y Baume, R. (2001). Vulnerability of husband and wife care-givers of Alzheimer disease patients to caregiving stressors. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 15, 201-210.

Covinsky, K., Newcomber, R., Fox, P., Wood, J., Sands, L., Dane, K. et al. (2003). Patient and caregiver characteristics associated with depression in ca-regivers of patients with dementia. J Gen Intern Med, 18, 1006-1014.

DeFries, E. L., McGuire, L. C., Andresen, E. M., Brum-back, B. A., & Anderson, L. A. (2009). Caregivers of older adults with cognitive impairment. Pre-venting Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy , 6 (2), 1-10.

Garre-Olmo, J., Hernández-Ferrándiz, M., Lozano-Gallego, M., Vilalta-Franch, J., Turón-Estrada, A., Cruz-Reina, M. M., et al. (2000). Carga y calidad de vida en cuidadores de pacientes con demencia tipo Alzheimer. Revista de Neurología, 31 (6), 22-27.

Glozman, J. M. (2004). The quality of life of caregivers. Neuropsychology Review, 14 (4), 183-196.

Golimbet, V., & Trubnikov, V. (2001). Evaluation of the dementia carers situation in Russia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry , 16, 94-99.

Gort, A., Mingot, M., Gomez, X., Soler, T., Torres, G., Sacristán, O., Miguelsanz, S., Nicolás, F., Perez, A., De Miguel, M., Cabau, J. (2007). Use of the Zarit Scale for assessing caregiver burden and collapse in caregiving at home in dementias. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22, 957-62.

Greden, J.F. (2001). The burden of recurrent depression: Causes, consequences, and future prospects. J Clin Psychiatry, 62 [suppl 22], 5-9.

Gusi, N., Prieto, J., Madruga, M., García, J. M., & González-Guerrero, J. L. (2009). Health-related quality of life and fitness of the caregiver of patients with dementia. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 1182-187.

Gwyter, L. P. (1998). Social issues of the Alzheimer’s patient and family. The American Journal of Medicine, 104 (4A), 17-21.

Halfin, A. (2007). Depression: The benefits of early and appropriate treatment. Am J Manag Care, 13, S92-S97.

Heru, A. M., & Ryan, C. E. (2006). Family functioning in the caregivers of patients with dementia: one year follow-up. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 70 (3), 222-231.

Hooker, K., Bowman, S. R., Padgett, D., Rae, S., Kaye, J., Guariglia, R., et al. (2002). Behavioral change in persons with dementia: relationships with mental and physical health of caregivers. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 57B (5), 453-460.

Kalaria, R. J., Maestre, G. E., Arizaga, R., Friedland, R. P., Galasko, D., Hall, K., et al. (2008). Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia in developing countries: prevalence, management, and risk factors. The Lancet , 7, 812-826.

Kessing, L.V., Hansen, H.V., & Bech, P. (2006). General health and well-being in outpatients with de-pressive and bipolar disorders. Nord J Psychiatry, 60, 150-156.

Kiecolt-Glaser, J., Glaser, R., Shuttleworth, E., Dyer, K., Ogrocki, P., & Speicher, C. (1987). Chronic stress and immunity in family caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease victims. Psychosomatic Medicine (49), 523-535.

Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R. y Williams, J. (2001). The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 16 (9), 606-613

Kurz, X., Scuvee-Moreau, J., Vernooij-Dasen, M., & Dres-se, A. (2003). Cognitive impairment, dementia and quality of life in patients and caregivers. Acta Neurológica Bélgica, 103, 24-34.

Lavretzky, H. (2005). Stress and depression in informal family caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Aging Health, 1 (1), 117-133.

LoGiudice, D., Kerse, N., Brown, K., Gibson, S. J., Burrows, C., Ames, D., et al. (1998). The psyho-social health status of carers of persons with dementia: a comparison with the chronically ill. Quality of Life Research , 7, 345-357.

Mace, N., & Robins, P. (1999). The 36-hour day. Balti-more: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Machnicki, G., Allegri, R., Ranalli, C., Serrano, C., Dillon, C., Wyrwich, K. y Taragano, F. (2009). Validity and reliability of the SF-36 administered to caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s di-sease: evidence from a South American sample. Dementia And Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 28 (3), 206-12.

Mahoney, R., Regan, C., Katona, C. y Livingston, G. (2005). Anxiety and depression in family caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease: the LASER study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13 (9), 795-801

Markowitz, J. S., Gutterman, E. M., Sadik, K., & Papado-poulos, G. (2003). Health-related quality of life for caregivers of patients with Alzheimer disease. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 17 (4), 209-214.

McGartland, D., Berg-Weber, M., Tebb, S., & Parnell, L. A. (2001). Comparing the well-being of post-caregivers and noncaregivers. American Journal of Alzheimer’s disease and Other Dementias, 16 (2), 97-101.

Meiland, F., Kat, M., Van Tilburg, W., Jonker, C. y Droes, R. (2005). The emotional impact of psychiatric symptoms in dementia on partner caregivers: do caregiver, patient, and situation characteristics make a difference? Alzheimer Disease and Asso-ciated Disorders, 19 (4), 195-201.

Mitrani, V., Lewis, J., Feaster, D., Czaja, S., Eisdorfer, C., Schultz, R., et al. (2006). The role of family functioning in the stress process of dementia caregivers: a structural family framework. The Gerontologist, 46 (1), 97-105.

Moreno, A. (2008). Evidencia de las intervenciones psi-cosociales en el manejo del estrés del cuidador de pacientes con demencia. Tesis Psicológica,3, 124-139.

Neundorfer, M., McClendon, M., Smyth, K., Stuckey, J., Strauss, M. y Patterson, M. (2001). A longitudinal study of the relationship between levels of de-pression among persons with Alzheimer’s disease and levels of depression among their family ca-regivers. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 56B (5), 301-313.

Ostacher, MJ. (2007). Comorbid alcohol and substance abuse dependence in depression: Impact on the outcome of antidepressant treatment. Psychiatr Clin N Am, 30,69-76.

PASW for Windows, Rel. 17.0.2. 2009. Chicago: SPSS Inc.

Pashby, P., Hann, J. y Sunico, M. (2009). Dementia Care Planning: Shared Experience and Collaboration. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 52, 8, 837-848

Pinquart, M. y Sorensen, S. (2004). Associations of caregiver stressors and uplifts with subjective well-being and depressive mood: a meta-analytic comparison. Aging and Mental Health, 8 (5), 438-449.

Powers, D., Gallager-Thompson, D. y Kraemer, H. (2002). Coping and depression in Alzheimer’s caregivers: longitudinal evidence of stability. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 57B (3), 205-211.

Quayhagen, M. P., & Quayhagen, M. (1996). Discovering life quality in coping with dementia. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 18 (2), 120-135.

Riedijk, S. R., De Vugt, M. E., Duivenvoorden, H. J., Niermeijer, M. F., Van Swieten, J. C., Verhey, F. R., et al. (2006). Caregiver burden, health-related quality of life and coping in dementia caregivers: a comparison of frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 22, 405-412.

Schultz, R. S., & Beach, S. R. (1999). Caregiving as a risk factor for mortality: the Caregiver Health Effects Study. JAMA, 282, 2215-2219.

Schultz, R., & Martire, L. M. (2004). Family caregiving of persons with dementia: prevalence, health effects, and support strategies. American Jo-urnal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12 (3), 240-249.

Schultz, R., McGinnis, K., Zhang, S., Martire, L., Hebert, R., Beach, S., et al. (2008). Dementia patient suffering on caregiver depression. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Associated Disorders, 22 (2), 170-176.

Schulz, R., Boerner, K., Shear, K., Zhang, S. y Gitlin, L. (2006). Predictors of complicated grief among the dementia caregivers: a prospective study of bereavement. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14 (8), 650-658.

Schulz, R., McGinnis, K., Zhang, S., Martire, L., Hebert, R., Beach, S., et al. (2008). Dementia patient suffering and caregiver depression. Journal of Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 22 (2), 170-176.

Serano-Aguilar, P. G., Lopez-Bastida, J., & Yanes-Lopez, V. (2006). Impact on health-related quality-of-life and perceived burden of informal caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease. Neuroe-pidemiology, 27, 136-142

Shields, C.(1992). Family interaction and caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease patients: correlates of depression. Fam Proc, 31, 19-33.

Simonelli, C., Tripodi, F., Fabrizi, A., Lembo, D., Cos-mi, V., & Pierleoni, L. (2007). The influence of caregiver burden on sexual intimacy and marital satisfaction in couples with an Alzheimer spouse. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 62 (1), 47-52.

Sun, F., Hilgeman, M. M., Durkin, D. W., Allen, R. S., & Burgio, L. D. (2009). Perceived income inade-quacy as a predictor of psychological distress in Alzheimer’s caregivers. Psychology and Aging, 24 (1), 177-183.

Takai, M., Takahashi, M., Iwamitsu, Y., Ando, N., Okasaki, S., Nakajima, K., et al. (2009). The experience of burnout among home caregivers of patients with dementia: relations to depression and quality of life. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 49, 1-5.

Thomas, P., Lalloué, F., Preux, P., Hazif-Thomas, C., Pariel, S., Inscale, R., et al. (2006). Dementia patients caregivers quality of life: the PIXEL stu-dy. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry(21), 50-56.

Vellone, E., Piras, G., Talucci, C., & Cohen, M. (2008). Quality of life for caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Advanced Nur-sing, 61 (2), 222-231.

Waite, A., Bebbington, P., Skelton-Robinson, M. y Orrell, M. (2004). Social factors and depression in carers of people with dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19, 582-587.

Ware, J.E., & Sherbourne, C.D. (1992). The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). Medical Care, 30(6), 473-483.

Ware, J. (2000). SF-36 Health Survey Update. Spine, 25 (24), 3130-3139.

Wulsin, L. Somoza, E. y Heck, J. (2002). The feasibility of using the Spanish PHQ-9 to screen for depres-sion in primary care in Honduras. Primary Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry, 4 (5), 191-195.

Zanetti, O., Frisoni, G., Bianchetti, A., Tamanza, G., Cigoli, V. y Trabucchi, M. (1998). Depressive symptoms of Alzheimer caregivers are mainly due to personal rather than patient factors. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13, 358-367.




Cómo citar

Moreno Moreno, J. A., Arango Lasprilla, J. C., & Rogers, H. (2011). Depresión y su relación con la calidad de vida en un grupo de cuidadores de personas con demencia. Revista De Psicología Universidad De Antioquia, 2(2), 33–45.



Artículos de investigación

Artículos similares

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 > >> 

También puede {advancedSearchLink} para este artículo.