Performance of lactating cows fed sugarcane silage treated with microbial additives

Authors

  • Lucas L. Cardoso Federal University of Viçosa
  • Karina G. Ribeiro Federal University of Viçosa
  • Odilon G. Pereira Federal University of Viçosa
  • Kirsten Weiss Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Geraldo F. V. Bayão Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Maranhão
  • Camila S. Cunha Federal University of Viçosa
  • Marcos I. Marcondes Federal University of Viçosa, Washington State University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n1a02

Keywords:

cows, digestibility, dry matter intake, Holstein, Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus plantarum, microbial additives, microbial inoculants, milk yield, Pediococcus pentosaceus, roughage

Abstract


Background: No studies have been conducted evaluating sugarcane silage associated with both Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus pentosaceus for lactating dairy cows. Objective: To evaluate diets containing different roughages with and without microbial inoculants on intake, digestibility and milk yield of medium-producing cows. Methods: A total of 15 Holstein cows distributed into a randomized block design were used. Dietary treatments were: 1) a corn silage-based diet (CS), 2) a fresh sugarcane-based diet (SC), 3) a sugarcane silage ensiled without inoculant (SS), 4) sugarcane silage ensiled with Lactobacillus buchneri (SSLB), and 5) sugarcane silage ensiled with Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus pentosaceus (SSLP). Results: Digestible organic matter intake (DOMI) was lower (p<0.05) in cows fed SSLB (9.77 kg day-1) when compared with cows fed CS (13.29 kg day-1) and SSLP (12.42 kg day-1). Ensiling of sugarcane increased intake of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) compared to SC (mean of 6.00 kg day-1 versus 4.97 kg day-1; p<0.05). Dry matter digestibility was greater (p<0.05) in CS (77.80%) compared with diets based on sugarcane silage, whereas NDF digestibility was lower for treatments with sugarcane (p<0.05). Milk yield was similar among CS (27.99 kg), SC (25.59 kg), and silages with additives (25.47 and 27.07 for SSLB and SSLP, respectively). Cows fed CS produced more fat-corrected milk (25.89 kg) than those fed sugarcane-based diets (p<0.05). Conclusions: Fresh sugarcane or sugarcane silage with additives can be used as a roughage source for dairy cows producing up to 23.43 kg d-1 fat-corrected milk, considering the total diet is properly balanced.

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Author Biographies

Lucas L. Cardoso, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7948-4455
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Karina G. Ribeiro, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1299-2807
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Odilon G. Pereira, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1714-2959
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Kirsten Weiss, Humboldt University of Berlin

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4496-1527
Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Geraldo F. V. Bayão, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Maranhão

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4610-8709
Department of Animal Science, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Maranhão, Brazil.

Camila S. Cunha, Federal University of Viçosa

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9341-9975
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Marcos I. Marcondes, Federal University of Viçosa, Washington State University

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4843-2809
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Department of Animal Sciences, Washington State University, Washington, Pullman, USA.

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Published

2021-12-20

How to Cite

Cardoso, L. L., Ribeiro, K. G., Pereira, O. G., Weiss, K., Bayão, G. F. V., Cunha, C. S., & Marcondes, M. I. (2021). Performance of lactating cows fed sugarcane silage treated with microbial additives. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 35(1), 14–25. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v35n1a02

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