Silage from heart-of-palm waste produced from Alexander palm tree

Authors

  • Geraldo F. V. Bayão Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Maranhao
  • Augusto C. Queiroz Federal University of Viçosa
  • Róberson M. Pimentel Fluminense Federal University
  • Samuel G. Freitas Federal University of Viçosa
  • Katiene R. S. Sousa Federal University of Maranhão
  • Lucas L. Cardoso Federal University of Viçosa
  • Marcos I. Marcondes Federal University of Viçosa
  • Camila D. A. Batalha University of São Paulo
  • Gabriel B. Oliveira Federal University of Minas Gerais
  • Tadeu E. Silva Federal University of Viçosa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v32n1a08

Keywords:

Archontophoenix alexandrae, byproduct, fermentation, forage, organic acid, pH

Abstract

Background: Production of heart-of-palm from Alexander palm tree generates a waste that could be used as silage for feeding ruminants. Objective: To evaluate the chemical composition, fermentation parameters, and quality of silage made from waste of heart-of-palm production using Alexander palm. Methods: Three types of silage made from waste of heart-of-palm production were evaluated: 1) leaf silage, 2) sheath silage, and 3) compound (leaf + sheath) silage. The processed waste was packed in experimental silos and distributed in a completely randomized design with 10 replications. Means were compared pairwise using Tukey’s test at the 5% significance level. Results: Leaf silage had the highest pH (p<0.05) and the lowest ammonia nitrogen (p<0.05) in relation to the other silages. No difference was observed (p>0.05) for lactic and butyric acids, whereas acetic acid was higher (p<0.05) in the sheath and compound silages. Dry matter and crude protein contents were the highest (p<0.05) in leaf silage. Neutral detergent fiber was higher (p<0.05) in sheath silage, followed by leaf and compound silages, respectively. The highest lignin content (p<0.05) was observed in sheath silage. Conclusions: Based on the fermentative parameters, waste from heart-of-palm from Alexander palm tree has potential for silage production. However, differences in silage composition at the time of feeding ruminants should be considered.

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Author Biographies

Geraldo F. V. Bayão, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Maranhao

Zoot, PhD., Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.

Augusto C. Queiroz, Federal University of Viçosa

EA, PhD., Federal University of Viçosa, Department of Zootechnics, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Róberson M. Pimentel, Fluminense Federal University

Zoot, DSc., Fluminense Federal University, Department of Zootechnics, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Samuel G. Freitas, Federal University of Viçosa

Zoot, MSc., Federal University of Viçosa, Department of Animal Science, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Katiene R. S. Sousa, Federal University of Maranhão

MV, DSc., Federal University of Maranhão, Center for Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Chapadinha, Maranhão, Brazil.

Lucas L. Cardoso, Federal University of Viçosa

Zoot, DSc., Federal University of Viçosa, Department of Zootechnics, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Marcos I. Marcondes, Federal University of Viçosa

Zoot, DSc., Federal University of Viçosa, Department of Zootechnics, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Camila D. A. Batalha, University of São Paulo

Zoot, DSc., Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

 

Gabriel B. Oliveira, Federal University of Minas Gerais

Biol, DSc., Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Tadeu E. Silva, Federal University of Viçosa

Zoot, MSc., Federal University of Viçosa, Department of Zootechnics, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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Published

2019-03-27

How to Cite

Bayão, G. F. V., Queiroz, A. C., Pimentel, R. M., Freitas, S. G., Sousa, K. R. S., Cardoso, L. L., Marcondes, M. I., Batalha, C. D. A., Oliveira, G. B., & Silva, T. E. (2019). Silage from heart-of-palm waste produced from Alexander palm tree. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Pecuarias, 32(1), 64–70. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v32n1a08

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