Qué hace que un estado mental se sienta como un recuerdo: sentimientos de pasado y presencia

  • Melanie Rosen Universidad de Trent
  • Michael Barkasi Universidad de York
Palabras clave: memoria, percepción, imaginación, fenomenología

Resumen

La visión intuitiva de que los recuerdos se caracterizan por un sentimiento de pasado, las percepciones por un sentimiento de presencia, mientras que la imaginación carece de cualquiera de los dos, enfrenta varios desafíos. Algunos investigadores se quejan de que el “sentimiento de pasado” no es claro, es irrelevante o no es una característica real. Otros señalan que hay casos de memoria sin sentimiento de pasado, percepción sin sentimiento de presencia y otros casos transversales. Aquí sostenemos que, aunque el sentimiento de pasado no define ontológicamente la memoria, este es de hecho una característica real y útil y, además, es un marcador característico que nos ayuda a categorizar fácilmente un estado mental. Describimos varias características cognitivas que subyacen a esta experiencia, incluida la sensación de accesibilidad pasada, el significado ergónomico, la inmersión, la objetividad y la fuerza mental. Nuestra perspectiva es claramente fenoménica, más que doxástica, aunque nuestra red de creencias puede contribuir a esta experiencia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Melanie Rosen, Universidad de Trent

Es profesora asistente en la Universidad de Trent, anteriormente una distinguida investigadora postdoctoral de Carlsberg en la Universidad de Aarhus. Su investigación adopta un enfoque interdisciplinario centrado en la filosofía de los estados alterados de conciencia, percepción y memoria.

Michael Barkasi , Universidad de York

Es un filósofo de la percepción que trabaja en la intersección de la conciencia, los sueños, las alucinaciones, la memoria y la codificación neuronal. Es un ex becario de investigación postdoctoral en la Red de Investigación Sensorial (Universidad de Toronto). Más recientemente, fue instructor de filosofía y ciencias cognitivas en la Universidad de York en Toronto.

Citas

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Publicado
2021-07-30
Cómo citar
Rosen M., & Barkasi M. (2021). Qué hace que un estado mental se sienta como un recuerdo: sentimientos de pasado y presencia. Estudios De Filosofía, (64), 95-122. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ef.n64a05
Sección
Memoria y percepción: reflexiones sobre su relación