Inequidad y cáncer: una revisión conceptual

Autores/as

  • Samuel A. Arias V. Docente - FNSP - UdeA

Palabras clave:

Cáncer, inequidad social, desigualdades en la salud

Resumen


Desigualdad en salud es el término genérico usado para designar las diferencias, variaciones y disparidades en el estado de salud de los individuos y grupos. Según la definición planteada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, la inequidad en salud implica que las desigualdades sean innecesarias, evitables e injustas. En este sentido, no es suficiente con describir las desigualdades en los resultados de salud, sino que es necesario revisar sus factores determinantes, ya que por su distribución dispar, contribuyen a generar inequidades. En general, la mayoría de las desigualdades en salud entre grupos sociales son injustas porque son reflejo de una distribución, también injusta de los determinantes sociales, como el acceso al trabajo, educación, servicios de salud, discriminación por etnia, género o nivel socioeconómico, condición de inmigrante, etc. Las desigualdades sociales en cáncer implican disparidades en la prevención, incidencia, prevalencia, detección y tratamiento, carga de cáncer y de sus determinantes asociados. Generalmente, se relacionan con diferencias en las condiciones de vida y trabajo, atención médica inadecuada y políticas sociales que afectan los determinantes sociales, como ocupación, ingresos económicos y nivel educativo, entre otros. La revisión realizada permite concluir que las poblaciones socialmente más vulnerables tienen mayor probabilidad de desarrollar cáncer, morir más pronto por la enfermedad y sufrirla sin la oportunidad del cuidado paliativo. Lo anterior ratifica la necesidad de generar conocimiento que permita un mejor entendimiento de las disparidades sociales relacionadas con cáncer en cada contexto.
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Biografía del autor/a

Samuel A. Arias V., Docente - FNSP - UdeA

Médico, magíster en epidemiología. Profesor asistente, Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública, Universidad de Antioquia

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Publicado

2010-02-15

Cómo citar

1.
Arias V. SA. Inequidad y cáncer: una revisión conceptual. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública [Internet]. 15 de febrero de 2010 [citado 8 de diciembre de 2021];27(3). Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/fnsp/article/view/2060

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Sección

Revisión sistemática