Carga de la enfermedad crónica para los sujetos implicados en el cuidado

Autores/as

  • Sonia P. Carreño Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Beatriz Sánchez Herrera Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Gloria M. Carrillo Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Lorena Chaparro Díaz Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Olga J. Gómez Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfnsp.v34n3a08

Palabras clave:

enfermedad crónica, cuidadores, costo de enfermedad, personal de salud (Decs)

Resumen


Objetivo: determinar el significado que se ha dado al concepto de carga de la enfermedad crónica no transmisible en pacientes, cuidadores familiares, profesionales del área de la salud e instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud. Metodología: revisión realizada mediante las bases de datos LILACS, Sage, Willey online Library, Scopus, Bireme, Scielo, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Cuiden y Proquest. Resultados: Se encontraron 538 artículos relacionados de los cuales se seleccionaron 58 para el análisis, agrupados en tres categorías: esfuerzo físico, esfuerzo psicosocial y esfuerzo económico adicional. Conclusiones: el significado de carga de la enfermedad crónica es construida entre pacientes y cuidadores desde la vivencia y los impactos en su ámbito privado, es decir en lo personal y familiar. Los profesionales de salud y las instituciones reconocen la importancia de la vivencia de la enfermedad en el paciente y la familia; sin embargo, dan prioridad al impacto económico que la carga tiene sobre las mismas instituciones y los sistemas de salud.

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Biografía del autor/a

Sonia P. Carreño, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Doctora en Enfermería. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.

Beatriz Sánchez Herrera, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Máster en Ciencias de la Enfermería. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.

Gloria M. Carrillo, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Doctora en Enfermería (c). Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.

Lorena Chaparro Díaz, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Doctora en Enfermería. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.

Olga J. Gómez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Doctora en Enfermería. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.

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Publicado

2016-09-05

Cómo citar

1.
Carreño SP, Sánchez Herrera B, Carrillo GM, Chaparro Díaz L, Gómez OJ. Carga de la enfermedad crónica para los sujetos implicados en el cuidado. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública [Internet]. 5 de septiembre de 2016 [citado 3 de diciembre de 2021];34(3):342-9. Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/fnsp/article/view/24386

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Sección

Revisión sistemática