Biomarcadores para la evaluación de riesgo en la salud humana


  • Sandra S. Arango V. Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano

Palabras clave:

biomarcadores, toxicologia, salud ocupacional, carcinogénesis


En el campo de la salud humana, el desarrollo, validación y uso de biomarcadores como herramientas de información para la evaluación de factores de riesgos asociados a la exposición a agentes ambientales, se incrementa cada día por la necesidad de conocer acerca de los efectos adversos generados por los diferentes entornos laborales y estilos de vida. Un biomarcador es un evento que se produce en un sistema biológico y se interpreta como indicador del estado de salud, de la esperanza de vida o del riesgo de enfermedad. Suelen clasificarse en biomarcadores de: exposición, efecto y de susceptibilidad. En esta revisión se plantea su importancia en la compresión de diferentes aspectos de las enfermedades como: diagnóstico, tratamiento, prevención, progresión de la enfermedad, respuestas a la terapia, así como su aplicación en la evaluación experimental toxicológica para el desarrollo de medicamentos o pesticidas. Además de su contribución en el desarrollo de diferentes campos de estudio como: la toxicología, salud ocupacional y la carcinogénesis.

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Biografía del autor/a

Sandra S. Arango V., Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano

Magíster en biotecnología, bióloga. Docente, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Medellín, Colombia.


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Cómo citar

Arango V. SS. Biomarcadores para la evaluación de riesgo en la salud humana. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública [Internet]. 13 de junio de 2012 [citado 29 de septiembre de 2022];30(1):75-82. Disponible en:



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