Increased longevity of resins based composite restorations and their adhesive bond: a literature review
Introduction: the goal of this literature review is to analyze the findings included in the literature concerning different alternatives to increase longevity of resin-based composite restorations and their adhesive bond. Method: bibliographies in the EBSCO database (Elton B Stephens Company) were reviewed using the following key words: “composite repair bond strength”; “restorations sealing”; composite restorations longevity”; “restorations refurbishment”; “composite bond strategy”; “dental adhesive collagen cross linking”; “proanthocyanidin dentin bond strength”; “multiple layer dentin bond strength”, and “dentin adhesive evaporation bond strength”. Clinical and laboratory results were analyzed in terms of repairing, sealing, and refurbishing defective restorations, in addition to improvements in impregnation of adhesive surfaces, resistance of adhesive polymers, and the progress recently made concerning resistance to hydrolytic collagen degradation. Results: repairing, sealing, or refurbishing defective restorations allow keeping tooth structure healthy, reducing potential damage to dental pulp, as well as operatory pain, often caused without anesthetics. New bonding management techniques provide adhesive procedures with increased longevity. Conclusions: repairing, refurbishing, or sealing defective composite resins increase the longevity of restorations and restored teeth by using minimally invasive dental techniques. Other methods, such as improving impregnation of adhesive surfaces, increasing adhesive polymers strength, and hydrolytic degradation of collagen are promising advances that modify the management of bonding techniques, providing patients with restorative treatments of increased longevity.
Opdam NJ, Bronkhorst EM, Loomans BA, Huysmans MC. 12-year survival of composite vs. amalgam restorations. J Dent Res 2010; 89(10): 1063-1067.
Da Rosa Rodolpho PA, Donassollo TA, Cenci MS, Loguércio AD, Moraes RR, Bronkhorst EM et al. 22-Year clinical evaluation of the performance of two posterior composites with different filler characteristics. Dent Mater 2011; 27(10): 955-963.
Opdam NJ, Bronkhorst EM, Cenci MS, Huysmans MC, Wilson NH. Age of failed restorations: a deceptive longevity parameter. J Dent 2011; 39(3): 225-230.
Demarco FF, Correa MB, Cenci MS, Moraes RR, Opdam NJ. Longevity of posterior composite restorations: not only a matter of materials. Dent Mater 2012; 28(1): 87-101.
Opdam NJ, Bronkhorst EM, Loomans BA, Huysmans MC. Longevity of repaired restorations: a practice based study. J Dent 2012; 40(10): 829-835.
Manhart J, Chen H, Hamm G, Hickel R. Buonocore memorial lecture. Review of the clinical survival of direct and indirect restorations in posterior teeth of the permanent dentition. Oper Dent 2004; 29(5): 481-508.
Hickel R, Manhart J. Longevity of restorations in posterior teeth and reasons for failure. J Adhes Dent 2001; 3(1): 45-64.
Gordan VV, Mjör IA, Blum IR, Wilson N. Teaching students the repair of resin-based composite restorations: a survey of North American dental schools. J Am Dent Assoc 2003; 134(3): 317-323; quiz 38-39.
Mjör IA, Reep RL, Kubilis PS, Mondragón BE. Change in size of replaced amalgam restorations: a methodological study. Oper Dent 1998; 23(5): 272-277.
Onal B, Pamir T. The two-year clinical performance of esthetic restorative materials in noncarious cervical lesions. J Am Dent Assoc 2005; 136(11): 1547-1555.
Chadwick B, Treasure E, Dummer P, Dunstan F, Gilmour A, Jones R et al. Challenges with studies investigating longevity of dental restorations--a critique of a systematic review. J Dent 2001; 29(3): 155-161.
Opdam NJ, Bronkhorst EM, Roeters JM, Loomans BA. A retrospective clinical study on longevity of posterior composite and amalgam restorations. Dent Mater 2007; 23(1): 2-8.
Kubo S, Kawasaki A, Hayashi Y. Factors associated with the longevity of resin composite restorations. Dent Mater J 2011; 30(3): 374-383.
Arhun N, Celik C, Yamanel K. Clinical eva 0luation of resin-based composites in posterior restorations: two-year results. Oper Dent 2010; 35(4): 397-404.
Goldberg AJ, Rydinge E, Santucci EA, Racz WB. Clinical evaluation methods for posterior composite restorations. J Dent Res 1984; 63(12): 1387-1391.
Alves dos Santos MP, Luiz RR, Maia LC. Randomised trial of resin-based restorations in Class I and Class II beveled preparations in primary molars: 48-month results. J Dent 2010; 38(6): 451-459.
Moncada G, Martin J, Fernandez E, Hempel MC, Mjor IA, Gordan VV. Sealing, refurbishment and repair of Class I and Class II defective restorations: a three-year clinical trial. J Am Dent Assoc 2009; 140(4): 425-432.
Ryge G, Jendresen MD, Glantz PO, Mjör I. Standardization of clinical investigators for studies of restorative materials. Swed Dent J 1981; 5(5-6): 235-239.
Forss H, Widström E. Factors influencing the selection of restorative materials in dental care in Finland. J Dent 1996; 24(4): 257-262.
Mjör IA, Moorhead JE, Dahl JE. Selection of restorative materials in permanent teeth in general dental practice. Acta Odontol Scand 1999; 57(5): 257-262.
Forss H, Widström E. From amalgam to composite: selection of restorative materials and restoration longevity in Finland. Acta Odontol Scand 2001; 59(2): 57-62.
Woods N, Considine J, Lucey S, Whelton H, Nyhan T. The influence of economic incentives on treatment patterns in a third-party funded dental service. Community Dent Health 2010; 27(1): 18-22.
De Souza JP, Nozawa SR, Honda RT. Improper waste disposal of silver-mercury amalgam. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2012; 88(5): 797-801.
Goldstein GR. The longevity of direct and indirect posterior restorations is uncertain and may be affected by a number of dentist-, patient-, and material-related factors. J Evid Based Dent Pract 2010; 10(1): 30-31.
Lessa FC, Nogueira I, Huck C, Hebling J, Costa CA. Transdentinal cytotoxic effects of different concentrations of chlorhexidine gel applied on acid-conditioned dentin substrate. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2010; 92(1): 40-47.
Lindberg A, van Dijken JW, Lindberg M. Nine-year evaluation of a polyacid-modified resin composite/resin composite open sandwich technique in Class II cavities. J Dent 2007; 35(2): 124-129.
Kim KL, Namgung C, Cho BH. The effect of clinical performance on the survival estimates of direct restorations. Restor Dent Endod 2013; 38(1): 11-20.
Manhart J, Chen H, Hamm G, Hickel R. Buonocore Memorial Lecture. Review of the clinical survival of direct and indirect restorations in posterior teeth of the permanent dentition. Oper Dent 2004; 29(5): 481-508.
Mjör IA, Shen C, Eliasson ST, Richter S. Placement and replacement of restorations in general dental practice in Iceland. Oper Dent 2002; 27(2): 117-123.
Brunthaler A, König F, Lucas T, Sperr W, Schedle A. Longevity of direct resin composite restorations in posterior teeth. Clin Oral Investig 2003; 7(2): 63-70.
Bernardo M, Luis H, Martin MD, Leroux BG, Rue T, Leitao J et al. Survival and reasons for failure of amalgam versus composite posterior. J Am Dent Assoc 2007; 138(6): 775-783.
Da Costa J. Summary of: the survival of Class V restorations in general dental practice: part 3, five-year survival. Br Dent J 2012; 212(9): 440-441.
Hickel R, Brüshaver K, Ilie N. Repair of restorations--criteria for decision making and clinical recommendations. Dent Mater 2013; 29(1): 28-50.
Burke FJ, Cheung SW, Mjör IA, Wilson NH. Restoration longevity and analysis of reasons for the placement and replacement of restorations provided by vocational dental practitioners and their trainers in the United Kingdom. Quintessence Int 1999; 30(4): 234-242.
Forss H, Widström E. Reasons for restorative therapy and the longevity of restorations in adults. Acta Odontol Scand 2004; 62(2): 82-86.
Gordan VV, Mondragon E, Shen C. Replacement of resin-based composite: evaluation of cavity design, cavity depth, and shade matching. Quintessence Int 2002; 33(4): 273-278.
Martin J, Fernandez E, Estay J, Gordan VV, Mjor IA, Moncada G. Minimal invasive treatment for defective restorations: five-year results using sealants. Oper Dent 2013; 38(2): 125-133.
Mjör IA, Gordan VV. Failure, repair, refurbishing and longevity of restorations. Oper Dent 2002; 27(5): 528-534.
Martin J, Fernandez E, Estay J, Gordan VV, Mjör IA, Moncada G. Management of Class I and Class II Amalgam Restorations with localized defects: five-year results. Int J Dent 2013; 2013: 450260.
Sharif MO, Catleugh M, Merry A, Tickle M, Dunne SM, Brunton P et al. Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: resin composite. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; (2): CD005971.
Jokstad A, Mjör IA, Nilner K, Kaping S. Clinical performance of three anterior restorative materials over 10 years. Quintessence Int 1994; 25(2): 101-108.
Mjör IA, Moorhead JE, Dahl JE. Reasons for replacement of restorations in permanent teeth in general dental practice. Int Dent J 2000; 50(6): 361-366.
Heintze SD, Rousson V. Clinical effectiveness of direct class II Restorations - a meta-analysis. J Adhes Dent 2012; 14(5): 407-431.
Gordan VV, Garvan CW, Blaser PK, Mondragon E, Mjör IA. A long-term evaluation of alternative treatments to replacement of resin-based composite restorations: results of a seven-year study. J Am Dent Assoc 2009; 140(12): 1476-1484.
Blum IR, Jagger DC, Wilson NH. Defective dental restorations: to repair or not to repair? Part 1: direct composite restorations. Dent Update 2011; 38(2): 78-80, 82-84.
Inoue T. Repair of restoration materials: repair of amalgam and composite resin used in restorations. Shikai Tenbo 1978; 52(1): 87-96.
Katsuyama S, Nogami I, Tsuzuki K, Suzuki S, Yoshida K. Prognosis in composite resin restoration and its repair. Shikai Tenbo 1979; 53(1): 1-12.
Mjör IA. Repair versus replacement of failed restorations. Int Dent J 1993; 43(5): 466-472.
Tyas MJ, Anusavice KJ, Frencken JE, Mount GJ. Minimal intervention dentistry--a review. FDI Commission Project 1-97. Int Dent J 2000; 50(1): 1-12.
Mjör IA. The reasons for replacement and the age of failed restorations in general dental practice. Acta Odontol Scand 1997; 55(1): 58-63.
Blum IR, Lynch CD, Wilson NH. Teaching of the repair of defective composite restorations in scandinavian dental schools. J Oral Rehabil 2012; 39(3): 210-216.
Gordan VV, Shen C, Mjor IA. Marginal gap repair with flowable resin-based composites. Gen Dent 2004; 52(5): 390-394.
Gordan VV, Riley JL, Blaser PK, Mondragon E, Garvan CW, Mjor IA. Alternative treatments to replacement of defective amalgam restorations: results of a seven-year clinical study. J Am Dent Assoc 2011; 142(7): 842-849.
Gordan VV, Riley JL, Blaser PK, Mjör IA. 2-year clinical evaluation of alternative treatments to replacement of defective amalgam restorations. Oper Dent 2006; 31(4): 418-425.
Fernández EM, Martin JA, Angel PA, Mjör IA, Gordan VV, Moncada GA. Survival rate of sealed, refurbished and repaired defective restorations: 4-year follow-up. Braz Dent J 2011; 22(2): 134-139.
Gordan VV. In vitro evaluation of margins of replaced resin-based composite restorations. J Esthet Dent 2000; 12(4): 209-215.
Hickel R, Peschke A, Tyas M, Mjor I, Bayne S, Peters M et al. FDI World Dental Federation - clinical criteria for the evaluation of direct and indirect restorations. Update and clinical examples. J Adhes Dent 2010; 12(4): 259-272.
Hickel R, Roulet JF, Bayne S, Heintze SD, Mjör IA, Peters M et al. Recommendations for conducting controlled clinical studies of dental restorative materials. Clin Oral Investig 2007; 11(1): 5-33.
Ivanovas S, Hickel R, Ilie N. How to repair fillings made by silorane-based composites. Clin Oral Investig 2011; 15(6): 915-922.
Wiegand A, Stawarczyk B, Buchalla W, Tauböck TT, Özcan M, Attin T. Repair of silorane composite--using the same substrate or a methacrylate-based composite? Dent Mater 2012; 28(3): e19-25.
Lührs AK, Görmann B, Jacker-Guhr S, Geurtsen W. Repairability of dental siloranes in vitro. Dent Mater 2011; 27(2): 144-149.
Hamano N, Chiang YC, Nyamaa I, Yamaguchi H, Ino S, Hickel R et al. Repair of silorane-based dental composites: influence of surface treatments. Dent Mater 2012; 28(8): 894-902.
Magni E, Ferrari M, Papacchini F, Hickel R, Ilie N. Influence of ozone on the composite-to-composite bond. Clin Oral Investig 2011; 15(2): 249-256.
Magni E, Ferrari M, Papacchini F, Hickel R, Ilie N. Influence of ozone application on the repair strength of silorane-based and ormocer-based composites. Am J Dent 2010; 23(5): 260-264.
Papacchini F, Magni E, Radovic I, Mazzitelli C, Monticellia F, Goracci C et al. Effect of intermediate agents and pre-heating of repairing resin on composite-repair bonds. Oper Dent 2007; 32(4): 363-371.
Maneenut C, Sakoolnamarka R, Tyas MJ. The repair potential of resin composite materials. Dent Mater 2011; 27(2): e20-27.
Baur V, Ilie N. Repair of dental resin-based composites. Clin Oral Investig 2013; 17(2): 601-618.
Tezvergil A, Lassila LV, Vallittu PK. Composite-composite repair bond strength: effect of different adhesion primers. J Dent 2003; 31(8): 521-525.
Moncada G, Angel P, Fernandez E, Alonso P, Martin J, Gordan VV. Bond strength evaluation of nanohybrid resin-based composite repair. Gen Dent 2012; 60(3): 230-234.
Hickel R, Brushaver K, Ilie N. Repair of restorations -criteria for decision making and clinical recommendations. Dent Mater 2013; 29(1): 28-50.
Lynch CD, Blum IR, Frazier KB, Haisch LD, Wilson NH. Repair or replacement of defective direct resin-based composite restorations: contemporary teaching in U.S. and canadian dental schools. J Am Dent Assoc 2012; 143(2): 157-163.
Gordan VV. Clinical evaluation of replacement of class V resin based composite restorations. J Dent 2001; 29(7): 485-488.
Moncada G, Martin J, Fernandez E, Vildósola P, Caamano C, Caro MJ et al. In vivo evaluation of alternative treatment to replace defective restorations. J Dent Res 2005; Res 84 Spec Iss A: 3042.
Lynch CD, Frazier KB, McConnell RJ, Blum IR, Wilson NH. Minimally invasive management of dental caries: contemporary teaching of posterior resin-based composite placement in U.S. and Canadian dental schools. J Am Dent Assoc 2011; 142(6): 612-620.
Kidd EA, Joyston-Bechal S, Beighton D. Microbiological validation of assessments of caries activity during cavity preparation. Caries Res 1993; 27(5): 402-408.
Hodges DJ, Mangum FI, Ward MT. Relationship between gap width and recurrent dental caries beneath occlusal margins of amalgam restorations. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1995; 23(4): 200-204.
Mjör IA, Dahl JE, Moorhead JE. Age of restorations at replacement in permanent teeth in general dental practice. Acta Odontol Scand 2000; 58(3): 97-101.
Qvist J, Qvist V, Mjör IA. Placement and longevity of amalgam restorations in Denmark. Acta Odontol Scand 1990; 48(5): 297-303.
Sharif MO, Fedorowicz Z, Tickle M, Brunton PA. Repair or replacement of restorations: do we accept built in obsolescence or do we improve the evidence? Br Dent J 2010; 209(4): 171-174.
Sharif MO, Merry A, Catleugh M, Tickle M, Brunton P, Dunne SM et al. Replacement versus repair of defective restorations in adults: amalgam. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; 17(2): CD005970.
Ryge G, Snyder M. Evaluating the clinical quality of restorations. J Am Dent Assoc 1973; 87(2): 369-377.
Moncada G, Fernández E, Martín J, Arancibia C, Mjör IA, Gordan VV. Increasing the longevity of restorations by minimal intervention: a two-year clinical trial. Oper Dent 2008; 33(3): 258-264.
Baratieri LN, Monteiro Júnior S, de Andrada MA. Amalgam repair: a case report. Quintessence Int 1992; 23(8): 527-531.
Downer MC, Azli NA, Bedi R, Moles DR, Setchell DJ. How long do routine dental restorations last? A systematic review. Br Dent J 1999; 187(8): 432-439.
Gordan VV, Riley JL, III, Blaser PK, Mjor IA. 2-year clinical evaluation of alternative treatments to replacement of defective. Oper Dent 2006; 31(4): 418-425.
Martin J. Fernandez E, Angel P, Gordan VV, Mjör I, Moncada G. Aumento de la longevidad de restauraciones de amalgama y resinas compuestas defectuosas por medio de sellado marginal. Revista Dental de Chile 2009; 100(2): 4-9.
Pashley DH, Carvalho RM, Tay FR, Agee KA, Lee KW. Solvation of dried dentin matrix by water and other polar solvents. Am J Dent 2002; 15(2): 97-102.
Spencer P, Wang Y. Adhesive phase separation at the dentin interface under wet bonding conditions. J Biomed Mater Res 2002; 62(3): 447-456.
Reis A, Pellizzaro A, Dal-Bianco K, Gones OM, Patzlaff R, Loguercio AD. Impact of adhesive application to wet and dry dentin on long-term resin-dentin bond strengths. Oper Dent 2007; 32(4): 380-387.
Loguercio AD, Stanislawczuk R, Mena-Serrano A, Reis A. Effect of 3-year water storage on the performance of one-step self-etch adhesives applied actively on dentine. J Dent 2011; 39(8): 578-587.
Yoshida Y, Van Meerbeek B, Nakayama Y, Snauwaert J, Hellemans L, Lambrechts P et al. Evidence of chemical bonding at biomaterial-hard tissue interfaces. J Dent Res 2000; 79(2): 709-714.
Yoshida Y, Nagakane K, Fukuda R, Nakayama Y, Okazaki M, Shintani H et al. Comparative study on adhesive performance of functional monomers. J Dent Res 2004; 83(6): 454-458.
Yoshihara K, Yoshida Y, Nagaoka N, Fukegawa D, Hayakawa S, Mine A et al. Nano-controlled molecular interaction at adhesive interfaces for hard tissue reconstruction. Acta Biomater 2010; 6(9): 3573-3582.
Yoshihara K, Yoshida Y, Hayakawa S, Nagaoka N, Irie M, Ogawa T et al. Nanolayering of phosphoric acid ester monomer on enamel and dentin. Acta Biomater 2011; 7(8): 3187-3195.
Tanaka T, Nagata K, Takeyama M, Atsuta M, Nakabayashi N, Masuhara E. 4-META opaque resin--a new resin strongly adhesive to nickel-chromium alloy. J Dent Res 1981; 60(9): 1697-1706.
Mena-Serrano A, Kose C, De Paula EA, Tay LY, Reis A, Loguercio AD et al. A new universal simplified adhesive: 6-month clinical evaluation. J Esthet Restor Dent 2013; 25(1): 55-69.
Van Meerbeek B, Van Landuyt K, De Munck J, Hashimoto M, Peumans M, Lambrechts Pet al. Technique-sensitivity of contemporary adhesives. Dent Mater J 2005; 24(1): 1-13.
Omura I, Yamauchi J, Harada I, Wada T. Adhesive and mechanical properties of a new dental adhesive, J Dent Res 1984 63:233, Abst. No. 561.
Fukegawa D, Hayakawa S, Yoshida Y, Suzuki K, Osaka A, van Meerbeek B. Chemical interaction of phosphoric acid ester with hydroxyapatite. J Dent Res 2006; 85(10): 941-944.
Yoshida Y, Yoshihara K, Hayakawa S, Nagaoka N, Okihara T, Matsumoto T et al. HEMA inhibits interfacial nano-layering of the functional monomer MDP. J Dent Res 2012; 91(11): 1060-1065.
Mena-Serrano A, Garcia EJ, Loguercio AD, Reis A. Effect of sonic application mode on the resin-dentin bond strength and nanoleakage of simplified self-etch adhesive. Clin Oral Investig 2014; 18(3): 729-736
Loguercio AD, Reis A. Application of a dental adhesive using the self-etch and etch-and-rinse approaches: an 18-month clinical evaluation. J Am Dent Assoc 2008; 139(1): 53-61.
Van Meerbeek B, Yoshihara K, Yoshida Y, Mine A, De Munck J, Van Landuyt KL. State of the art of self-etch adhesives. Dent Mater 2011; 27(1): 17-28.
Peumans M, Kanumilli P, De Munck J, Van Landuyt K, Lambrechts P, Van Meerbeek B. Clinical effectiveness of contemporary adhesives: a systematic review of current clinical trials. Dent Mater 2005; 21(9): 864-881.
Tay FR, Pashley DH. Water treeing--a potential mechanism for degradation of dentin adhesives. Am J Dent 2003; 16(1): 6-12.
Santerre JP, Shajii L, Leung BW. Relation of dental composite formulations to their degradation and the release of hydrolyzed polymeric-resin-derived products. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 2001; 12(2): 136-151.
Loguercio AD, Mânica D, Ferneda F, Zander-Grande C, Amaral R, Stanislawczuk R et al. A randomized clinical evaluation of a one- and two-step self-etch adhesive over 24 months. Oper Dent 2010; 35(3): 265-272.
Reis A, Albuquerque M, Pegoraro M, Mattei G, Bauer JR, Grande RH et al. Can the durability of one-step self-etch adhesives be improved by double application or by an extra layer of hydrophobic resin? J Dent 2008; 36(5): 309-315.
Reis A, Leite TM, Matte K, Michels R, Amaral RC, Geraldeli S et al. Improving clinical retention of one-step self-etching adhesive systems with an additional hydrophobic adhesive layer. J Am Dent Assoc 2009; 140(7): 877-885.
Reis A, Ferreira SQ, Costa TR, Klein-Júnior CA, Meier MM, Loguercio AD. Effects of increased exposure times of simplified etch-and-rinse adhesives on the degradation of resin-dentin bonds and quality of the polymer network. Eur J Oral Sci 2010; 118(5): 502-509.
Muñoz MA, Sezinando A, Luque-Martinez I, Szesz AL, Reis A, Loguercio AD et al. Influence of a hydrophobic resin coating on the bonding efficacy of three universal adhesives. J Dent 2014; 42(5): 595-602.
Kanca J. Effect of resin primer solvents and surface wetness on resin composite bond strength to dentin. Am J Dent 1992; 5(4): 213-215.
Tay FR, Gwinnett JA, Wei SH. Micromorphological spectrum from overdrying to overwetting acid-conditioned dentin in water-free acetone-based, single-bottle primer/adhesives. Dent Mater 1996; 12(4): 236-244.
Jacobsen T, Söderholm KJ. Effect of primer solvent, primer agitation, and dentin dryness on shear bond strength to dentin. Am J Dent 1998; 11(5): 225-228.
Maciel KT, Carvalho RM, Ringle RD, Preston CD, Russell CM, Pashley DH. The effects of acetone, ethanol, HEMA, and air on the stiffness of human decalcified dentin matrix. J Dent Res 1996; 75(11): 1851-1858.
Jacobsen T, Söderholm KJ. Some effects of water on dentin bonding. Dent Mater 1995; 11(2): 132-136.
Pashley EL, Zhang Y, Lockwood PE, Rueggeberg FA, Pashley DH. Effects of HEMA on water evaporation from water-HEMA mixtures. Dent Mater 1998; 14(1):6-10.
Perdigão J, Frankenberger R. Effect of solvent and rewetting time on dentin adhesion. Quintessence Int 2001; 32(5): 385-390.
Carvalho RM, Mendonça JS, Santiago SL, Silveira RR, Garcia FC, Tay FR et al. Effects of HEMA/solvent combinations on bond strength to dentin. J Dent Res 2003; 82(8): 597-601.
Dickens SH, Cho BH. Interpretation of bond failure through conversion and residual solvent measurements and weibull analyses of flexural and microtensile bond strengths of bonding agents. Dent Mater 2005; 21(4): 354-364.
El-Din AK, Abd el-Mohsen MM. Effect of changing application times on adhesive systems bond strengths. Am J Dent 2002; 15(5): 321-324.
Yiu CK, Pashley EL, Hiraishi N, King NM, Goracci C, Ferrari M et al. Solvent and water retention in dental adhesive blends after evaporation. Biomaterials 2005; 26(34): 6863-6872.
Braden M, Clarke RL. Water absorption characteristics of dental microfine composite filling materials. I. Proprietary materials. Biomaterials 1984; 5(6): 369-372.
Santos C, Clarke RL, Braden M, Guitian F, Davy KW. Water absorption characteristics of dental composites incorporating hydroxyapatite filler. Biomaterials 2002; 23(8): 1897-1904.
Ferracane JL. Hygroscopic and hydrolytic effects in dental polymer networks. Dent Mater 2006; 22(3): 211-222.
Martin N, Jedynakiewicz NM, Fisher AC. Hygroscopic expansion and solubility of composite restoratives. Dent Mater 2003; 19(2): 77-86.
Hashimoto M, Ohno H, Kaga M, Endo K, Sano H, Oguchi H. In vivo degradation of resin-dentin bonds in humans over 1 to 3 years. J Dent Res 2000; 79(6): 1385-1391.
Hashimoto M, Tay FR, Ohno H, Sano H, Kaga M, Yiu C et al. SEM and TEM analysis of water degradation of human dentinal collagen. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2003; 66(1): 287-298.
Reis A, Klein-Júnior CA, de Souza FH, Stanislawczuk R, Loguercio AD. The use of warm air stream for solvent evaporation: effects on the durability of resin-dentin bonds. Oper Dent 2010; 35(1): 29-36.
Reis A, Wambier L, Malaquias T, Wambier DS, Loguercio AD. Effects of warm air drying on water sorption, solubility, and adhesive strength of simplified etch-and-rinse adhesives. J Adhes Dent 2013; 15(1): 41-46.
Klein-Júnior CA, Zander-Grande C, Amaral R, Stanislawczuk R, Garcia EJ, Baumhardt-Neto R et al. Evaporating solvents with a warm air-stream: effects on adhesive layer properties and resin-dentin bond strengths. J Dent 2008; 36(8): 618-625.
Kwon SJ, Park YJ, Jun SH, Ahn JS, Lee IB, Cho BH et al. Thermal irritation of teeth during dental treatment procedures. Restor Dent Endod 2013; 38(3): 105-112.
Sadek FT, Braga RR, Muench A, Liu Y, Pashley DH, Tay FR. Ethanol wet-bonding challenges current anti-degradation strategy. J Dent Res 2010; 89(12): 1499-1504.
Sadek FT, Castellan CS, Braga RR, Mai S, Tjäderhane L, Pashley DH et al. One-year stability of resin-dentin bonds created with a hydrophobic ethanol-wet bonding technique. Dent Mater 2010; 26(4): 380-386.
Tjäderhane L, Larjava H, Sorsa T, Uitto VJ, Larmas M, Salo T. The activation and function of host matrix metalloproteinases in dentin matrix breakdown in caries lesions. J Dent Res 1998; 77(8): 1622-1629.
Sulkala M, Pääkkönen V, Larmas M, Salo T, Tjäderhane L. Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13, collagenase-3) is highly expressed in human tooth pulp. Connect Tissue Res 2004; 45(4-5): 231-237.
Tjäderhane L, Palosaari H, Wahlgren J, Larmas M, Sorsa T, Salo T. Human odontoblast culture method: the expression of collagen and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Adv Dent Res 2001; 15: 55-58.
Martin-De Las Heras S, Valenzuela A, Overall CM. The matrix metalloproteinase gelatinase a in human dentine. Arch Oral Biol 2000; 45(9): 757-765.
Pashley DH, Tay FR, Yiu C, Hashimoto M, Breschi L, Carvalho RM et al. Collagen degradation by host-derived enzymes during aging. J Dent Res 2004; 83(3): 216-221.
Carrilho MR, Geraldeli S, Tay F, de Goes MF, Carvalho RM, Tjäderhane L et al. In vivo preservation of the hybrid layer by chlorhexidine. J Dent Res 2007; 86(6): 529-533.
Brackett MG, Tay FR, Brackett WW, Dib A, Dipp FA, Mai S et al. In vivo chlorhexidine stabilization of hybrid layers of an acetone-based dentin adhesive. Oper Dent 2009; 34(4): 379-383.
Breschi L, Mazzoni A, Nato F, Carrilho M, Visintini E, Tjäderhane L et al. Chlorhexidine stabilizes the adhesive interface: a 2-year in vitro study. Dent Mater 2010; 26(4): 320-325.
Zhou J, Tan J, Chen L, Li D, Tan Y. The incorporation of chlorhexidine in a two-step self-etching adhesive preserves dentin bond in vitro. J Dent 2009; 37(10): 807-812.
Toledano M, Yamauti M, Osorio E, Osorio R. Zinc-inhibited MMP-mediated collagen degradation after different dentine demineralization procedures. Caries Res 2012; 46(3): 201-207.
Pashley DH, Tay FR, Imazato S. How to increase the durability of resin-dentin bonds. Compend Contin Educ Dent 2011; 32(7): 60-4, 66.
Mazzoni A, Carrilho M, Papa V, Tjäderhane L, Gobbi P, Nucci C et al. MMP-2 assay within the hybrid layer created by a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive: biochemical and immunohistochemical analysis. J Dent 2011; 39(7): 470-477.
Lührs AK, De Munck J, Geurtsen W, Van Meerbeek B. Does inhibition of proteolytic activity improve adhesive luting? Eur J Oral Sci 2013; 121(2): 121-131.
Mazzoni A, Pashley DH, Nishitani Y, Breschi L, Mannello F, Tjäderhane L et al. Reactivation of inactivated endogenous proteolytic activities in phosphoric acid-etched dentine by etch-and-rinse adhesives. Biomaterials 2006; 27(25): 4470-4476.
De Munck J, Mine A, Van den Steen PE, Van Landuyt KL, Poitevin A, Opdenakker G et al. Enzymatic degradation of adhesive-dentin interfaces produced by mild self-etch adhesives. Eur J Oral Sci 2010; 118(5): 494-501.
Epasinghe DJ, Yiu CK, Burrow MF, Tay FR, King NM. Effect of proanthocyanidin incorporation into dental adhesive resin on resin-dentine bond strength. J Dent 2012; 40(3): 173-180.
Bedran-Russo AK, Castellan CS, Shinohara MS, Hassan L, Antunes A. Characterization of biomodified dentin matrices for potential preventive and reparative therapies. Acta Biomater 2011; 7(4): 1735-1741.
Fine AM. Oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes: history, structure, and phytopharmaceutical applications. Altern Med Rev 2000; 5(2): 144-151.
Bedran-Russo AK, Yoo KJ, Ema KC, Pashley DH. Mechanical properties of tannic-acid-treated dentin matrix. J Dent Res 2009 ;88(9): 807-811.
Manso AP, Bedran-Russo AK, Suh B, Pashley DH, Carvalho RM. Mechanical stability of adhesives under water storage. Dent Mater 2009; 25(6):744-749.
Castellan CS, Bedran-Russo AK, Karol S, Pereira PN. Long-term stability of dentin matrix following treatment with various natural collagen cross-linkers. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2011; 4(7): 1343-1350.
Castellan CS, Pereira PN, Grande RH, Bedran-Russo AK. Mechanical characterization of proanthocyanidin-dentin matrix interaction. Dent Mater 2010; 26(10): 968-973.
Song SE, Choi BK, Kim SN, Yoo YJ, Kim MM, Park SK et al. Inhibitory effect of procyanidin oligomer from elm cortex on the matrix metalloproteinases and proteases of periodontopathogens. J Periodontal Res 2003; 38(3): 282-289.
Dos Santos PH, Karol S, Bedran-Russo AK. Long-term nano-mechanical properties of biomodified dentin-resin interface components. J Biomech 2011; 44(9): 1691-1694.
Dos Santos PH, Karol S, Bedran-Russo AK. Nanomechanical properties of biochemically modified dentin bonded interfaces. J Oral Rehabil 2011; 38(7): 541-546.
La VD, Howell AB, Grenier D. Cranberry proanthocyanidins inhibit MMP production and activity. J Dent Res 2009; 88(7): 627-632.
Al-Ammar A, Drummond JL, Bedran-Russo AK. The use of collagen cross-linking agents to enhance dentin bond strength. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2009; 91(1): 419-424.
Macedo GV, Yamauchi M, Bedran-Russo AK. Effects of chemical cross-linkers on caries-affected dentin bonding. J Dent Res 2009; 88(12): 1096-1100.
Green B, Yao X, Ganguly A, Xu C, Dusevich V, Walker MP et al. Grape seed proanthocyanidins increase collagen biodegradation resistance in the dentin/adhesive interface when included in an adhesive. J Dent 2010; 38(11): 908-915.
Han B JJ, Tang BW, Nimni ME. Proanthocyanidin: a natural crosslinking reagent for stabilizing collagen matrices. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 2003; 65: 118-124.
He L, Mu C, Shi J, Zhang Q, Shi B, Lin W. Modification of collagen with a natural cross-linker, procyanidin. Int J Biol Macromol 2011; 48(2): 354-359.
Scheffel D, Hebling J, Scheffel R, Agee K, Turco G, de Souza Costa C et al. Inactivation of matrix-bound matrix metalloproteinases by cross-linking agents in acid-etched dentin. Oper Dent 2014; 39(2): 152-158.
Copyright (c) 2015 Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright comprises moral and patrimonial rights.
1. Moral rights: are born at the moment of the creation of the work, without the need to register it. They belong to the author in a personal and unrelinquishable manner; also, they are imprescriptible, unalienable and non negotiable. Moral rights are the right to paternity of the work, the right to integrity of the work, the right to maintain the work unedited or to publish it under a pseudonym or anonymously, the right to modify the work, the right to repent and, the right to be mentioned, in accordance with the definitions established in article 40 of Intellectual property bylaws of the Universidad (RECTORAL RESOLUTION 21231 of 2005).
2. Patrimonial rights: they consist of the capacity of financially dispose and benefit from the work trough any mean. Also, the patrimonial rights are relinquishable, attachable, prescriptive, temporary and transmissible, and they are caused with the publication or divulgation of the work. To the effect of publication of articles in the journal Revista de la Facultad de Odontología, it is understood that Universidad de Antioquia is the owner of the patrimonial rights of the contents of the publication.
The content of the publications is the exclusive responsibility of the authors. Neither the printing press, nor the editors, nor the Editorial Board will be responsible for the use of the information contained in the articles.
I, we, the author(s), and through me (us), the Entity for which I, am (are) working, hereby transfer in a total and definitive manner and without any limitation, to the Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia, the patrimonial rights corresponding to the article presented for physical and digital publication. I also declare that neither this article, nor part of it has been published in another journal.
Open Access Policy
The articles published in our Journal are fully open access, as we consider that providing the public with free access to research contributes to a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Creative Commons License
The Journal offers its content to third parties without any kind of economic compensation or embargo on the articles. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license, known as Attribution – NonCommercial – Share Alike (BY-NC-SA), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited and that the new productions are licensed under the same conditions.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.