Trastorno límite de la personalidad: actualización clínico-fenomenológica y terapéutica

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rp.e342752

Palabras clave:

trastorno límite de la personalidad, psicoterapia, suicidio, fenomenología, inestabilidad afectiva

Resumen

El trastorno límite de la personalidad (TLP) representa un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico en los contextos clínicos. Existe una prevalencia variable del trastorno de acuerdo con los diferentes escenarios de observación y se encuentra en un 2% de la población general y en hasta un 15%-28% de los pacientes hospitalizados en unidades psiquiátricas. El trastorno límite de personalidad se caracteriza por cuatro grupos de síntomas: multi-impulsividad, inestabilidad del humor y problemas interpersonales, en asociación con alteraciones de la identidad y conductas suicidas ante situaciones generadoras de frustración. Las dificultades diagnósticas relacionadas con el abordaje de estos pacientes pueden conducir a manejos psicofarmacológicos no exitosos, por lo que la psicoterapia es el eje del tratamiento. En este artículo de revisión se abordan los aspectos históricos, clínico-fenomenológicos y psicoterapéuticos de esta entidad nosológica.

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Biografía del autor/a

Gabriel Fernando Oviedo Lugo, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Médico, Psiquiatra, Magíster en Neuropsicofarmacología Clínica. Profesor, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana.

Francisco Javier Muñoz Molina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Médico, Psiquiatra, Psicoanalista de la Sociedad Colombiana de Psicoanálisis. Profesor, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana.

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Publicado

2021-10-19

Cómo citar

Oviedo Lugo, G. F., & Muñoz Molina, F. J. (2021). Trastorno límite de la personalidad: actualización clínico-fenomenológica y terapéutica. Revista De Psicología Universidad De Antioquia, 12(2), 1–31. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rp.e342752