Inmunoterapia con alérgenos, ¿cuándo y por qué?


  • Libia Susana Díez Zuluaga Universidad de Antioquia
  • Ricardo Cardona Villa Universidad de Antioquia
  • María Nelly Restrepo Colorado Clínica Medellín
  • Jorge Mario Sánchez Caraballo Universidad de Antioquia


Palabras clave:

alérgenos, atopia, asma, conjuntivitis, dermatitis, eczema, himenópteros, hipersensibilidad, inmunoterapia, modulación, rinitis


La inmunoterapia específica con alérgenos es el único tratamiento que modifica el curso natural de algunas enfermedades alérgicas como asma, rinitis, conjuntivitis, dermatitis atópica y alergia al veneno de himenópteros. Sin embargo, aún existe cierta controversia respecto a su seguridad y su utilidad clínica. En el presente artículo se presenta una revisión de los mecanismos moleculares, las indicaciones y contraindicaciones de dicha inmunoterapia, y se evalúan su seguridad y eficacia en cada una de estas enfermedades mediante casos ilustrativos y una breve revisión del tema.

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Biografía del autor/a

Libia Susana Díez Zuluaga, Universidad de Antioquia

Alergólogo Clínico, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.  

Ricardo Cardona Villa, Universidad de Antioquia

Alergólogo Clínico, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

María Nelly Restrepo Colorado, Clínica Medellín

Alergóloga Clínica, Clínica Medellín, Medellín, Colombia.  

Jorge Mario Sánchez Caraballo, Universidad de Antioquia

Alergólogo Clínico, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia. Gerente de proyectos, Fundación para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Biológicas (FUNDEMEB), Medellín, Colombia. 


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Cómo citar

Díez Zuluaga LS, Cardona Villa R, Restrepo Colorado MN, Sánchez Caraballo JM. Inmunoterapia con alérgenos, ¿cuándo y por qué?. Iatreia [Internet]. 29 de diciembre de 2014 [citado 3 de junio de 2023];28(1):55-6. Disponible en:



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