Tamización cardíaca para prevención de muerte súbita en atletas de representación de la Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.v30n3a02

Palabras clave:

electrocardiograma, examen físico, muerte cardíaca súbita, tamización

Resumen


La participación activa en el deporte es benéfica para la salud y el bienestar de los individuos, pero, inherente a su práctica, hay un incremento en el riesgo de sufrir diversas lesiones y muerte cardíaca súbita; por esto, el Comité Olímpico Internacional recomienda a los atletas someterse a una tamización cardiovascular antes de participar en el deporte. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la prevalencia de trastornos cardiovasculares subyacentes que predisponen a la muerte súbita en una muestra de 80 atletas de representación de la Universidad de Antioquia, de disciplinas deportivas con componente dinámico entre moderado y alto; se les aplicó el protocolo de tamización cardiovascular de la Sociedad Europea de Cardiología, que consta de un cuestionario para conocer los antecedentes familiares y personales de salud, una evaluación física cardiovascular y una electrocardiografía de 12 derivaciones. Se encontró una prevalencia del 3,8 % de atletas con riesgo cardiovascular y 76,3 % tenían hallazgos compatibles con el “corazón del atleta”, por lo que se puede concluir que la tamización con electrocardiografía es una estrategia clínica válida para la detección precoz de atletas jóvenes con riesgo cardiovascular para muerte cardíaca súbita. 

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Biografía del autor/a

José David García-Ortiz, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico cirujano, Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia. Especialista en Medicina aplicada a la actividad física y al deporte. Docente de cátedra del Instituto de Educación Física, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Citas

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Publicado

2017-07-04

Cómo citar

1.
García-Ortiz JD. Tamización cardíaca para prevención de muerte súbita en atletas de representación de la Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. Iatreia [Internet]. 4 de julio de 2017 [citado 1 de diciembre de 2022];30(3):265-7. Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iatreia/article/view/325600

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