Knowledge and self efficacy associated to HIV and AIDS prevention in Chilean women

  • Natalia Andrea Villegas Rodriguez Enfermera matrona, Magíster en Enfermería y Candidata a Doctora. Universidad de Miami, Estados Unidos. email: nvillegasr@miami.edu
  • Lilian Marcela Ferrer Lagunas Enfermera. Profesora Doctora de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: lferrerl@uc.cl
  • Rosina Cianelli Acosta Enfermera. Profesora Doctora de Escuela de Enfermería de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile y de School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Miami, Estados Unidos. email: rcianelli@miami.edu
  • Sarah Mary Miner Enfermera, Magíster en Enfermería. Asistente de Investigación Mano a Mano de la Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: minersarah@yahoo.com
  • Loreto Andrea Lara Campos Enfermera, Candidata a Magíster en Enfermería. Coordinadora de proyectos de Investigación Mano a Mano de la Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: lnlara@uc.cl
  • Nilda Peragallo Enfermera. Profesora de Nursing and Health Studies of University of Miami, United States. Email: nperagallo@miami.edu
Keywords: Knowledge; self efficacy; HIV; primary prevention; women; socioeconomic factors.

Abstract

Objective. To assess the relationship between knowledge and self efficacy associated to HIV/AIDS in women from Chile with social disadvantages. 

Methodology. Correlation study that uses the baseline assessment of the “Testing an HIV and AIDS intervention in Chilean women” study, carried out between 2006 and 2008, with a sample of 496 women between 18 and 49 years old, in 2 neighborhoods of Santiago de Chile. Participants answered a structured survey conducted by trained interviewers. The survey included questions about sociodemographic information, risk behaviors and a self-efficacy knowledge scale among others. 

Results. The average age was 32.3+9.1 years, 72.2% live with their partner and 42.7% have completed high school education. The mean score of HIV infection knowledge was 8.9+2.5, while the mean score for the three scales used to measure self-efficacy were: “Peer rules” =9.8+3.6, “Risk reduction intentions =12.2+3.6 and “Self Efficacy Form”=20.2+4.7. HIV knowledge had a weak positive correlation with the “Risk reduction intentions” scale (r=0.19; p< 0.0001) and the “Self Efficacy Form” scale (r=0.34; p< 0.0001), however there was no correlation with the “Safe sex peer rules” (r=0.13;p=0.78). 

Conclusion. There is a weak positive correlation between the HIV/AIDS related knowledge and self-efficacy among Chilean with social disadvantages.

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Published
2011-08-24
How to Cite
Villegas Rodriguez, N. A., Ferrer Lagunas, L. M., Cianelli Acosta, R., Miner, S. M., Lara Campos, L. A., & Peragallo, N. (2011). Knowledge and self efficacy associated to HIV and AIDS prevention in Chilean women. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 29(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/7643
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS