HIV/AIDS knowledge and occupational risk in primary care health workers from Chile

  • Baltica Cabieses Valdes Enfermera-Matrona, Magíster en Epidemiología, Doctoranda en Ciencias de la Salud, profesora de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad del Desarrollo-Clínica Alemana, Chile. email: bbcv500@york.ac.uk
  • Lilian Ferrer Lagunas Enfermera-Matrona, Doctor of Philosophy. Directora de Investigación de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: lferrerl@uc.cl
  • Luis Antonio Villarroel Bioestadístico, Doctor en Estadística. Profesor de la Escuela de Medicina de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: lv@med.puc.cl
  • Rosina Cianelli Acosta Enfermera matrona, Doctora en Enfermería. Profesora de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: rcianell@uc.cl
  • Sarah Miner Enfermera, Magíster en Enfermería. Profesora de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: mminer@uc.cl
  • Margarita Bernales Silva Psicóloga, Magíster en Psicología de la Salud. Profesora de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile. email: m.bernales@auckland.ac.nz
Keywords: Health personnel; universal precautions; HIV; occupational ex­posure; knowledge.

Abstract

Objective. To explore the relationship between knowledge level and occupational risk exposure to HIV/AIDS in primary care health workers. 

Methodology. Analytical cross-sectional study. 720 health workers from Santiago answered a survey about HIV/AIDS that included: knowledge level (appropriate, inappropriate), occupational risk (with or without risk), and control variables (age, gender, health center, education and marital status). Descriptive and association analysis were performed. Odds Ratio (OR) was estimated through simple and multiple regressions logistics. 

Results. 58.7% of the participants reported HIV occupational risk. 63.8% of the participants from the exposed group reported an appropriate level of knowledge, versus 36.1% of the non-exposed group (Adjusted OR of 3.1, IC95%OR: 2.0-4.8, p < 0.0001). Technicians and cleaning staff reported a lower proportion of appropriate level of knowledge compared to the employees with college education (p < 0.0001). 

Conclusion. The level of HIV/AID occupational risk is directly associated with the level of knowledge of the disease.

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Published
2011-08-24
How to Cite
Cabieses Valdes, B., Ferrer Lagunas, L., Villarroel, L. A., Cianelli Acosta, R., Miner, S., & Bernales Silva, M. (2011). HIV/AIDS knowledge and occupational risk in primary care health workers from Chile. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 29(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/4694
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS