Electric power management in a microgrid analyzing photovoltaic arrays and a turbine-generator system





Central composition design, microgrid, optimization, process simulation, regression


One of the priority objectives of microgrids is to achieve energy self-sufficiency, generally resorting to distributed generation sources and backup systems; however, they are usually connected to conventional electrical networks that ensure supply to the loads. Addressing this problem, this work presents a proposal (managing elements) to minimize the dependence of power from the external electrical system in the months of greatest demand and thus guarantee the supply of the other months. The proposed methodology compares two statistical techniques: central composition design with 20 simulated experimental replicas and regression with 28. In both cases, the monthly average purchased power is analyzed as a primary response and its standard deviation as a secondary. The study variables are seven photovoltaic arrays and the feed characteristics of the turbine-generator storage of the microgrid of the Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CEDER), belonging to the Center for Energy Research, Environmental and Technological (CIEMAT). The results, with high predictive quality supported by indexes of approach to the real values of solar radiation and the operation of the turbine-generator binomial, provide regions where CEDER has the possibility of increasing the capacities of solar systems and/or modifying the geometry of the mini-hydraulics supply according to your specific conditions.
= 113 veces | PDF
= 68 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Raúl Alberto López-Meraz, Universidad Veracruzana

Chemical Sciences and Engineerings Department

Luis Hernández-Callejo, Universidad de Valladolid

PhD Universidad de Valladolid, Campus Universitario Duques de Soria

Luis Omar Jamed Boza, Universidad Veracruzana

Chemical Sciences and Engineerings Department

Jorge Arturo Del Ángel Ramos, Universidad Veracruzana

Chemical Sciencias and Engineerings Department

Juan José Marín Hernández, Universidad Veracruzana

Chemical Sciences and Engineering Department

Victor Alonso Gómez, Universidad de Valladolid

PhD,  Applied Physic Department


C. Bordons, F. García-Torres, and L. Valverde, “Gestión Óptima de la Energía en Microrredes con Generación Renovable,” Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial RIAI, vol. 12, no. 2, Abr-Jun. 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.riai.2015.03.001

S. M. Hakimi, S. M. Moghaddas-Tafreshi, H. Hassanzadehfard, G. A. Taylor, and M. M. Alamuti, Optimization of a reliable combined cooling, heat and power microgrid system. Vienna, Austria: IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2013.

T. Khatib, A. Mohamed, and K. Sopian, “A review of photovoltaic systems size optimization techniques,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 22, Jul. 2013. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.02.023

R. Lamedica, E. Santini, A. Ruvio, L. Palag, and I. Rossetta, “A MILP methodology to optimize sizing of PV - Wind renewable energy systems,” Energy, vol. 165, no. Parte B, Dic. 15, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.09.087

O. Ekren and B. Y. Ekren, “Size optimization of a PV/wind hybrid energy conversion system with battery storage using response surface methodology,” Applied Energy, vol. 85, no. 11, Nov. 2008. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.02.016

F. Kessaissiaet al., “Factorial design and response Surface optimization for modeling photovoltaic module parameters,” Energy Reports, vol. 6, no. 3, Feb. 2020. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2019.11.016

L. Jamed and R. López. (2018, Sep. 17,) Programa simulador para la optimización de la generación solar fv con la integración del respaldo turbina-generador. Registro público del derecho de autor: 03-2018-082811402400-01. [Online]. Available: https://www.consultasindautor.cultura.gob.mx/

R. Ranjit, A primer on the Taguchi method. Estados Unidos: Society of manufacturing engineers, 2010.

N. a Uribe-Pérez, M. Latorre, I. Angulo, and D. de la Veg, “Aprovechamiento de los recursos renovables e integración de las tics: ejemplo práctico de una microred eléctrica,” in III Congreso Ibero-Americano de Empreendedorismo, Energía, Ambiente e Tecnología, J. S. Brake, Ed. Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, 2017, pp. 161–167.

S. Kay, Intuitive Probability and random processes using MATLAB, 4th ed. Springer, 2012.

G. F. Figueroa, “Optimización de una superficie de respuesta utilizando JMP IN,” Mosaicos Matemáticos, no. 11, Dic. 2003. [Online]. Available: https://semana.mat.uson.mx/Memorias/gudelia.pdf

G. Box and K. Wilson, “On the experimental attainment of optimum conditions,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Serie B, vol. 13, no. 1, 1951. [Online]. Available: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2983966

A. Aktinson, A. Donev, and R. Tobias, Optimum Experimental Designs, With SAS. Oxford University Press, 2007.

O. Köksoy and N. Doganaksoy, “Joint Optimization of Mean and Standard Deviation Using Response Surface Methods,” Journal of Quality Technology, vol. 35, no. 3, 2003. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1080/00224065.2003.11980218

R. Myers and D. Montgomery, Response Surface Methodology: Process and Product Optimization Using Designed Experiments. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1995.

D. Montgomery, Diseño y análisis de experimentos, 2nd ed. México: Limusa, 2006.

(2009, Oct.) JMP Release 8.0.2. SAS Institute Inc. [Online]. Available: jmp.com/support/notes/41/addl/fusion_41004_6_releasenotes8_0




How to Cite

López-Meraz, R. A., Hernández-Callejo, L., Jamed Boza, L. O., Del Ángel Ramos, J. A., Marín Hernández, J. J., & Gómez, V. A. (2021). Electric power management in a microgrid analyzing photovoltaic arrays and a turbine-generator system. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20210951




Most read articles by the same author(s)