Experimental investigation of an alternative wind energy generator, particularly designed





electrical energy, wind energy


The growing interest in wind energy is proven by the increasing cumulative capacity of wind turbines installed around the world. This article presents the experimental study of a wind energy conversion system using a very specific alternative current generator that differs from the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), or the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). The generator that we recommend is similar to an Electrically Excited Synchronous Generator (EESG) mounted upside-down. It is equipped with a multipolar inductor stator supplied with direct current and a ring rotor by which it distributes the alternative electrical energy produced to the utility grid. The selectivity of a relatively low direct current injected into the multipolar stator can produce the voltage desired by the user at the terminals of the generator. This wound rotor alternative generator (WRAG) operates in synchronous mode. In addition, combined with power electronic interface (PEI) converters on the rotor side, WRAG can adapt the voltage produced to the frequency of the utility grid for a range of low wind speeds, without a gearbox. An experimental validation was performed on a 3 kVA machine, it is possible claim to be an intermediate solution to the PMSG and the DFIG with greater reliability in isolated sites and agricultural farms.

= 694 veces | PDF
= 394 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Abdelkarim Bouras, Badji Mokhtar Annaba University

PhD, Electromechanical Systems Laboratory.


Slimane Bouras, Badji Mokhtar Annaba University

Professor and PhD, Electromechanical Department;  Research Director, Industrial Risks, C.N.D, S.O.M.M Laboratory.


Chems Eddine-Rouabhia , Badji Mokhtar Annaba University

PhD, Electromechanical Engineering Laboratory, Department of Electromechanical.

Luis Hernández-Callejo, University of Valladolid

Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering and Forestry.

Nassim Eddine-Haouam, Badji Mokhtar Annaba University

Industrial Risks, C.N.D, S.O.M.M Laboratory, Department of Electromechanical.


D. Wood, Ed., Small Wind Turbines: Analysis, Design, and Application, ser. Green Energy and Technology. Heidelberg, BE: Springer, 2011, p. 272.

M. Rolak, R. Kot, M. Malinowski, Z. Goryca, and J. T. Szuster, “AC/DC converter with maximum power tracking algorithm for complex solution of small wind turbine,” Przeglad Elektrotechniczny, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 91–96, Jan. 2011.

M. Semilof, “Optimization methods applied to renewable and sustainable energy: A review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 14, no. 4, May 2011. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.12.008

T. Shanker and R. K. Singh, “Wind energy conversion system: A review,” in 2012 Students Conference on Engineering and Systems, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2012.

M. Mansour, M. N. Mansouri, and M. F. Mimouni, “Study and control of a variable-speed wind-energy system connected to the grid,” International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 1, no. 2, Jan. 2011.

D. P. Kadam and B. E. Kushare, “Overview of different wind generator systems and their comparisons,” pp. 1076–1081, 2012.

R. Mohsen, “Dynamic performance assessment of DFIG-based wind turbines,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 37, September 2014. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.05.072

R. D. Shukla, A. Singh, and S. P. Singh, “Generators for variable speed wind energy conversion systems: A comparative study,” IJESCC, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 103–107, Jul. 2012.

M. Dicorato, G. Forte, and M. Trovato, “Wind farm stability analysis in the presence of variable-speed generators,” Energy, vol. 39, no. 1, March 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2011.11.050

E. Sheeba, L. Ramesh, A. Nalini, M. Venmathi, and K. Sujatha, “Comparative analysis of variable speed wind energy conversion systems,” in International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Intelligent Systems (SEISCON), Chennai, India, 2011, pp. 159–162.

B. S. Pali and S. Vadhera, “Renewable energy systems for generating electric power: A review,” in 2016 IEEE 1st International Conference on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems (ICPEICES), Delhi, India, 2016, pp. 1–6.

M. Semilof, “Wind farm feasibility study and site selection in Adrar, Algeria,” Energy Procedia, vol. 6, December 2011. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.05.016

M. Dahbi, M. Sellam, and A. Benatiallah, “A comparative analysis of wind power potential in the Algerian Sahara regions,” in 2014 5th International Renewable Energy Congress (IREC), Hammamet, Tunisia, 2014, pp. 1–5.

M. Tazil and et al, “Three-phase induction generators: An overview,” IET, Electric Power Applications, vol. 4, no. 2, March 2010. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-epa.2009.0071

T. Wizelius, Developing wind power projects: Theory and practice, 1st ed. London, UK: Taylor & Francis Ltd, 2007.

S. Taraft, D. Rekioua, D. Aouzellag, and S. Bacha, “A proposed strategy for power optimization of a wind energy conversion system connected to the grid,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 101, September 1 2015. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2015.05.047

N. Nachat and M. E. Farrag, “Operation of stand-alone self-excited induction generator supported by energy storage systems for small scale wind energy generation,” in 2017 52ndInternational Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), Heraklion, Greece, 2017.

C. Lascu, I. Boldea, F. Blaabjerg, and W. Chen, “A class of flux observers for doubly-fed induction generators used in small power wind generation systems energy conversion,” in 2013 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Denver, USA, 2013, pp. 2289– 2295.

K. E. Okedu, R. Takahashi, J. Tamura, and S. M. Muyeen, “A survey of biometric recognition methods,” in 2011 2nd International Conference on Electric Power and Energy Conversion Systems (EPECS), Sharjah, UAE, 2011, pp. 1–6.

M. E. Farrag and P. A. Ghanim, “Analysis of the dynamics performance of self-excited induction generators employed in renewable energy generation,” Energies, vol. 7, no. 1, January 2014. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/en7010278

M. Balat, “A review of modern wind turbine technology,” Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, vol. 31, no. 17, October 2009. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1080/15567030802094045

J. N. Sørensen, Ed., General Momentum Theory for Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines, ser. Research Topics in Wind Energy. Springer, 2016, p. 194.

W. Q. Wang and H. Shao, “Wind energy conversion systems - a technical review,” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 493–507, Aug. 2013.

S. El-Tawab and I. Nassar and M. Mehanna, “Hybrid DFIG driven wind turbine – grid systems modeling and control for reliable source,” International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 4, November 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.D6960.118419

J. A. Baroudi, V. Dinavahi, and A. M. Knight, “A review of power converter topologies for wind generators,” Renewable Energy, vol. 32, no. 14, November 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2006.12.002

J. Zaragoza and et al, “Study and experimental verification of control tuning strategies in avariable speed wind energy conversion system,” Renewable Energy, vol. 36, no. 5, May 2011. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2010.11.002

C. E. Rouabhia, A. Bouras, S. Bouras, and N. E. Haouem, “Contribution of the wind turbine based on a special alternative current generator to the production of positive energy,” in II Ibero-American Congress of Smart Cities (ICSC-CITIES), Soria, Spain, 2019, pp. 1–11.




How to Cite

Bouras, A., Bouras, S., Eddine-Rouabhia , C., Hernández-Callejo, L., & Eddine-Haouam, N. (2020). Experimental investigation of an alternative wind energy generator, particularly designed. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (101), 100–107. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.20200802

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >> 

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.