¿Cómo crean los seres humanos? Una aproximación neuropsicológica y neurobiológica a la creatividad

  • Jaime Carrizosa Moog Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: Creatividad, Pensamiento, Intuición, Neuroimagen, Inteligencia.

Resumen

El presente estudio pretende revisar las bases neuropsicológicas y neurobiológicas que subyacen al proceso de creatividad en el ser humano, considerando los resultados de estudios recientes sobre neuroanatomía funcional, genética y valoraciones neuropsicológicas. Mediante la reflexión crítica de estos resultados se pretende motivar al lector a la actualización de estos conocimientos, la aplicación de los mismos y la posible formulación de nuevas preguntas de investigación. De ese modo, la creatividad se puede medir con pruebas que incentivan el pensamiento divergente o el discernimiento interior. Los estudios de neuroimágenes funcionales aclaran con precisión las funciones cognitivas necesarias para la creatividad al localizarlas en estructuras cerebrales y demostrando su interrelación. Así pues, son útiles en el proceso de creatividad: la motivación, la apertura a lo novedoso, la inteligencia, la inspiración y la imaginación. Existen genes identificados que están relacionados con la creatividad. Igualmente, la creatividad se puede incentivar con la marcha, salidas al campo, ocio, reuniones multiculturales y el sueño. Los resultados expuestos en el presente estudio requieren replicación y análisis en contextos diferentes; así, se pueden abrir novedosas oportunidades de aplicación en muchas disciplinas y una apertura a nuevas preguntas de investigación sobre creatividad que permitan aclarar las bases funcionales y eventual traslación a la práctica cotidiana.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jaime Carrizosa Moog, Universidad de Antioquia

https://scienti.minciencias.gov.co/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0000190292

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Publicado
2018-09-18
Cómo citar
Carrizosa Moog J. (2018). ¿Cómo crean los seres humanos? Una aproximación neuropsicológica y neurobiológica a la creatividad. Revista De Psicología Universidad De Antioquia, 10(2), 183-202. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rp.v10n2a08
Sección
Revisión de Tema