MAL DE OJO AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH MARASM AND KWASHIORKOR: THE TURBO MOTHER’S CASE

  • Gildardo Uribe Gil Organización Internacional para las Migraciones
  • Gloria Margarita Alcaraz López Universidad de Antioquia

Abstract

Objective: To describe perceptions and sociocultural practices by the mothers facing severe malnutrition in children: Marasm and Kwashiorkor. Methodology: Descriptive ethnography. Twenty semi-structured interviews and two tribal ones were carried. Homes and hospitalized children were observed. Analysis was manually performed. Results: Mother perceives severe malnutrition like “mal de ojo” consequence af.icting children under seven. Mal de ojo is classi.ed as “drying-eye” or as “street-eye”. Mothers think that “drying-eye” emaciates children meaning something like what we call marasm, whereas we cannot tell weather “street-eye” means kwashiorkor; but in any case kwashiorkor is deemed to be caused by mal de ojo. “Traditional” medics like rezanderos perform important tasks in the treatment of cultural linked illnesses. Conclusions: Malnourishment is considered a “state” and .nally it is reduced to statistical data hindering the integral treatment of children. The study reveals a world unknown by the biomedical system and a world of cultural practices facing malnourishment that adequately assessed could improve integral treatment and prevent infant mortality by severe malnourishment or by mal de ojo

 

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Author Biographies

Gildardo Uribe Gil, Organización Internacional para las Migraciones
Nutricionista Dietista, Magíster en Salud Colectiva. Organización Internacional para las Migraciones, Medellín, Colombia. Correo electrónico: gilurge@yahoo.com
Gloria Margarita Alcaraz López, Universidad de Antioquia
Nutricionista Dietista, Magíster en Salud Colectiva, PhD en salud Pública. Profesora titular, Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad de Antioquia. Correo electrónico: glory@tone.udea.edu.co
Published
2008-04-08
How to Cite
Uribe Gil, G., & Alcaraz López, G. M. (2008). MAL DE OJO AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH MARASM AND KWASHIORKOR: THE TURBO MOTHER’S CASE. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 25(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/2884
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS