MALARIA AMONG THE TULE (KUNA) PEOPLE OF RESGUARDO CAIMÁN NUEVO (TURBO Y NECOCLÍ; ANTIOQUIA, COLOMBIA), 2003-2004

  • Adriana María Correa Universidad de Antioquia
  • Jaime Carmona Fonseca Universidad de Antioquia
  • Gloria Margarita Alcaraz López Universidad de Antioquia

Abstract

Objective: To study the annual incidence or malaria in 2001-2003 among the Tules of Resguardo Caimán Nuevo. Methodology: a descriptive study: a) retrospective: with data search in hospital records of Turbo and Necocli Hospitals and the Local Health Center at the Resguardo; b) prospective: to measure malaria prevalence by thick smear. Results: A) Malaria incidence during 2001-2003 according to our patients records. The annual index, per 1000 exposed was 154,67 in 2001, 146,89 in 2002 y 601,17 in 2003. B) According to records at the Resguardo Local Health Center a mean number of a positive thick smear was found in 39,4%. C) Malaria prevalence after active search was 433 (7,16% positive). The mean P. falciparum parasitaemia was 993 parasites/ µL (SD= 678). A 13% had history of malaria during the past month and 31% during the past year. Of all adult women, 41% had history of malaria during a pregnancy, a 76% of the population uses traditional medicine to prevent malaria. Each malaria case resulted in a loss of 7 working days. Conclusions: Urabá has a mean PAI >10, however, this is higher among the Tules. The lack of identification of the ethnic group in the regions studied, allows malaria to go undetected for the health authorities, an intercultural intervention measure is urgent.

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Author Biographies

Adriana María Correa, Universidad de Antioquia
Bacterióloga, Magíster Salud Colectiva. Grupo Malaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Investigadora. Correo electrónico: adcorrea@quimbaya.udea.edu.co.
Jaime Carmona Fonseca, Universidad de Antioquia
Médico, Magíster en Epidemiología. Grupo Malaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Profesor Titular. Correo electrónico: jaimecarmonaf@hotmail.com.
Gloria Margarita Alcaraz López, Universidad de Antioquia
Nutricionista dietista, Magíster Salud Colectiva, PhD Salud Pública. Grupo La Práctica de Enfermería en el Contexto Social. Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad de Antioquia, Profesora Titular. Correo electrónico: glory@tone.udea.edu.co.
Published
2008-04-11
How to Cite
Correa, A. M., Carmona Fonseca, J., & Alcaraz López, G. M. (2008). MALARIA AMONG THE TULE (KUNA) PEOPLE OF RESGUARDO CAIMÁN NUEVO (TURBO Y NECOCLÍ; ANTIOQUIA, COLOMBIA), 2003-2004. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 23(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/2936
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS