Impact of educational group strategy to improve clinical and glycemic parameters in individuals with diabetes and hypertension

  • Danielli Teixeira Lima Favaro MD, Endocrinologist. School of Medicine of São José do Rio Preto –FAMERP-, São José do Rio Preto - SP, Brazil. email: daniellifavaro@hotmail.com
  • Natália Sperli Geraldes Marin dos Santos Nurse, Ph.D. Professor, União das Faculdades dos Grandes Lagos, São José do Rio Preto - SP, Brazil. email: nsperli@ gmail.com
  • Silvia Helena Figueiredo Vendramini Nurse, Ph.D. Adjunct Professor, FAMERP, São José do Rio Preto - SP, Brazil. email: silviahve@gmail.com
  • Lilian Castiglioni Nurse, Ph.D. Adjunct Professor, FAMERP, São José do Rio Preto - SP, Brazil. email: clilian@terra.com.br
  • Maria de Lourdes Sperli Geraldes Santos Nurse, Ph.D. Adjunct Professor, FAMERP, São José do Rio Preto - SP, Brazil. email: mlsperli@gmail.com
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, health promotion, health education, hypertension.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the impact of an educational group strategy to improve clinical and glycemic parameters in individuals with diabetes and hypertension.

Methods. This descriptive prospective study included 172 individuals living in São José do Rio Preto-SP, Brazil, who were enrolled in a well-integrated educational group called HIPERDIA (Record System for Follow-up of Hypertensive and Diabetic Individuals) coordinated by a qualified multidisciplinary team. We analyzed sociodemographic,  anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory data. Data were collected in the first, fifth, and eighth meeting of the educational group.

Results. A total of 68.6% of patients were women, 85.4% were white, 64.0% had an incomplete basic education, 47.7% were retired, 79.7% had been diagnosed with diabetes for 6 or more years, 9.9% were smokers, and 9.9% used alcohol. Individuals’ diastolic blood pressure decreased between the fifth and eighth meeting (p<0.05). Between the first and fifth meeting, both fasting glucose levels (p<0.05) and glycated hemoglobin decreased; the latter continue to drop at the fifth and eighth meetings (p<0.001). Anthropometric parameters remained unchanged.

Conclusion. The results suggest that an educational group strategy is favorable for controlling diabetes mellitus and hypertension.

 

How to cite this article Favaro DTL, Sasaki NSGMS, Vendramini SHF, Castiglioni L, Santos MLSG. Impact of educational group strategy to improve clinical and glycemic parameters in individuals with diabetes and hypertension. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2016; 34(2):

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Published
2016-06-23
How to Cite
Teixeira Lima Favaro D., Sperli Geraldes Marin dos Santos N., Figueiredo Vendramini S. H., Castiglioni L., & Sperli Geraldes Santos M. de L. (2016). Impact of educational group strategy to improve clinical and glycemic parameters in individuals with diabetes and hypertension. Investigación Y Educación En Enfermería, 34(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/iee/article/view/323265
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES / ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES / ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS