Accurate calculation of settling time in second order systems: a photovoltaic application
AbstractA procedure to accurately calculate the settling time of second-order systems for any damping ratio and natural frequency is proposed in this paper. In addition, settling time calculation for second-order systems is reviewed in this paper, illustrating the errors generated by classical approximations reported in textbooks and research papers. Finally, such a procedure is used to precisely design a perturb and observe algorithm in a photovoltaic application.
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